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alpha-Synuclein (alphaS) is a presynaptic terminal protein that is believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). We have used NMR spectroscopy to characterize the conformational properties of alphaS in solution as a free monomer and when bound to lipid vesicles and lipid-mimetic detergent micelles. Free wild-type alphaS(More)
alpha-Synuclein (alpha S) is a pre-synaptic protein that has been implicated as a possible causative agent in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Two autosomal dominant missense mutations in the alpha S gene are associated with early onset PD. Because alpha S is found in an aggregated fibrillar form in the Lewy body deposits characteristic of(More)
The protein alpha-Synuclein (aS) is a synaptic vesicle-associated regulator of synaptic strength and dopamine homeostasis with a pathological role in Parkinson's disease. The normal function of aS depends on a membrane-associated conformation that is adopted upon binding to negatively charged lipid surfaces. Previously we found that the membrane-binding(More)
Alpha-synuclein (alphaS) is a lipid-binding synaptic protein of unknown function that is found in an aggregated amyloid fibril form in the intraneuronal Lewy body deposits that are a defining characteristic of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although intrinsically unstructured when free in solution, alphaS adopts a highly helical conformation in association with(More)
We have used NMR spectroscopy and limited proteolysis to characterize the structural properties of the Parkinson's disease-related protein alpha-synuclein in lipid and detergent micelle environments. We show that the lipid or micelle surface-bound portion of the molecule adopts a continuously helical structure with a single break. Modeling alphaS as an(More)
A method for preparing large membrane fragments and cell ghosts was developed for uninfected and Rous sarcoma virus-transformed chicken embryo fibroblasts in culture. Membrane proteins were analyzed by electrophoresis in acrylamide gels containing sodium dodecyl sulfate. A major amino-acid-containing component of uninfected cell membranes was greatly(More)
Two species of measles virus nucleocapsids with distinct buoyant densities were isolated from infected AV3 cell homogenates by isopycnic CsCl gradient centrifugation. The more buoyant or 'light' form of the nucleocapsid had a density of 1.26 to 1.28 g/ml, whereas the less buoyant or 'heavy' nucleocapsid species had a density of 1.30 g/ml. Analysis of the(More)
Nucleocapsids were isolated and purified from cells infected with measles and canine distemper virus (CDV). Electron microscopy of negatively stained nucleocapsids revealed the mean outside diameter was approximately 17-18 nm in each case and was not significantly different from similar measurements obtained with SV5 nucleocapsids and tobacco mosaic virus(More)