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Bacillus subtilis 168ts-200B is a temperature-sensitive mutant of B. subtilis 168 which grows as rods at 30 C but as irregular spheres at 45 C. Growth at the nonpermissive temperature resulted in a deficiency of teichoic acid in the cell wall. A decrease in teichoic acid synthesis coupled with the rapid turnover of this polymer led to a progressive loss(More)
Disparities in the prevalence and severity of destructive periodontal diseases have been reported for American minority populations and have raised the following questions. Are differences in destructive periodontal disease prevalence and severity due to genetic or other confounding variables associated with ethnicity race? Do risk factors for destructive(More)
BACKGROUND Destructive periodontal diseases have been associated with an increased risk of atherosclerotic complications; however, the potential mechanisms are yet to be defined. Inflammation plays a central role in atherosclerosis since C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute-phase protein monitored as a marker of inflammatory status, has been identified as a(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to compare traditional and newly developed root-end filling materials for resistance to bacterial microleakage. METHODOLOGY Sixty extracted single-rooted teeth were randomly divided into five groups for root-end filling with mineral trioxide aggregate, Super-EBA, TPH composite resin with ProBond dentine bonding agent,(More)
The associations of inflammation/immune responses with clinical presentations of Alzheimer's disease (AD) remain unclear. We hypothesized that TNF-alpha and elevated antibodies to periodontal bacteria would be greater in AD compared to normal controls (NL) and their combination would aid clinical diagnosis of AD. Plasma TNF-alpha and antibodies against(More)
Although it has been established that aspiration of pharyngeal bacteria is the major route of infection in the development of nosocomial pneumonia, colonization of the pharyngeal mucosa by respiratory pathogens has been shown to be a transient phenomenon. It has been suggested that the dental plaque may constitute an additional, possibly more stable,(More)
It is important to develop functional transmucosal implant surfaces that reduce the number of initially adhering bacteria and they need to be modified to improve the anti-bacterial performance. Commercially pure Ti sheets were anodized in an electrolyte containing ethylene glycol, distilled water and ammonium fluoride at room temperature to produce TiO2(More)
Preparing for catastrophic events, both human-made and natural, is in the national interest and has become a priority since catastrophic events in Oklahoma City, Washington, DC, and New York City. Dentists are a large source of non-physician health manpower that could contribute to the public welfare during catastrophic events that require additional public(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the periodontal status of adults treated with fixed buccal orthodontic appliances vs removable orthodontic aligners over 1 year of active therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study population consisted of 42 subjects; 22 treated with fixed buccal orthodontic appliances and 20 treated with removable aligners. Clinical indices recorded(More)
Differences in periodontal disease prevalence, severity, subgingival microflora and host immune response have been reported for various ethnic/racial groups, which implies that risk factors for destructive periodontal disease progression may also vary in these populations. As it is possible that these differences may be due to confounding variables other(More)