Robert Borland

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Slime production by most strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis was enhanced by conditions of iron limitation produced by the addition of ethylenediamine-di-o-hydroxyphenol acetic acid to the growth medium. The density of the biofilm which formed on the base of microtiter plates was dependent on the degree of iron limitation, the stage of the growth cycle,(More)
From May 1982 through March 1991, 10 rectal injuries were identified in 1,000 men who underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy for clinically localized adenocarcinoma. All rectal injuries occurred in nonirradiated patients. Of these patients 9 were identified during surgery and 1 was diagnosed on postoperative day 2. The 9 patients in whom the injury was(More)
The ability to produce large quantities of biofilm on solid surfaces in vitro is believed to distinguish potentially pathogenic strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis from commensals. Biofilm consists of staphylococcal cells encased in a matrix of extracellular polysaccharide (also referred to as slime), firmly adherent to each other and to the underlying(More)
Two colonial variants of Staphylococcus epidermidis were isolated from the valvular tissue of a patient with native valve endocarditis. In addition to differing in colonial morphology, the two variants differed in hemolysis on blood-containing media, in adherence capacity, and in the expression of certain enzymes. Under suitable conditions, both variants(More)
Recent studies have provided the first clues as to the molecular mechanisms responsible for bladder carcinogenesis. Cytogenetic and molecular studies have demonstrated nonrandom changes of chromosomes 1, 5, 7, 9, 11, and 17. The finding of monosomy of chromosome 9 in early noninvasive lesions has initiated a search for a bladder-specific gene responsible(More)
We analyzed 107 men with clinically localized prostate cancer who had pathologically established capsular penetration in the region of the neurovascular bundles to determine the effect of wide excision of the neurovascular bundle(s) on disease-free survival. In 38 patients established capsular penetration was not suspected clinically and the neurovascular(More)
Despite apparently adequate surgical resection, metastases develop in about 50% of the patients who undergo radical cystectomy for invasive bladder cancer and they die of disease within 2 years of surgery. Recent reports have shown that combination chemotherapy with regimens including cisplatin results in significant improvement in time to progression and(More)
Sixteen avian adenoviruses isolated from 12 cases of inclusion body hepatitis (IBH), 3 cases of respiratory disease, and a case of ruptured tendons were compared using antisera raised against 9 fowl adenovirus prototype strains. Eleven isolates from livers of birds with IBH were classified into 4 different serological groups: 1) YR36 (type 7)-related; 2)(More)
This study examines a series of phenotypic variants of Staphylococcus epidermidis that were generated from a pair of parent variants, isolated from valvular tissue of a patient with prosthetic valve endocarditis. The variants were initially classified by examining their colonial morphology on Congo red agar. In addition to differences in Congo red binding(More)
The onlay island flap urethroplasty is useful in patients with distal, mid shaft and proximal hypospadias who have a well developed urethral plate and exhibit little or no curvature after release of chordee. The technique described has 2 main features: 1) use of the entire inner prepuce of the foreskin facilitates its mobilization and protects the vascular(More)