Robert Bauernschmitt

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Optimal port placement and intra-operative navigation in robotically assisted minimally invasive cardiovascular surgery are essential for the improvement and success of a teleoperator based heart operation. A new system incorporating both port placement planning and intra-operative navigation was established. Offline the optimal port placement is planned on(More)
In this tutorial we present recently developed nonlinear methods of cardiovascular physics and show their potentials to clinically relevant problems in cardiology. The first part describes methods of cardiovascular physics, especially data analysis and modeling of noninvasively measured biosignals, with the aim to improve clinical diagnostics and to improve(More)
The implementation of telemanipulator systems for cardiac surgery enabled heart surgeons to perform delicate minimally invasive procedures with high precision under stereoscopic view. At present, commercially available systems do not provide force-feedback or Cartesian control for the operating surgeon. The lack of haptic feedback may cause damage to tissue(More)
In this contribution we test the hypothesis that nonlinear additive autoregressive model-based data analysis improves the diagnostic ability based on short-term heart rate variability. For this purpose, a nonlinear regression approach, namely, the maximal correlation method is applied to the data of 37 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy as well as of 37(More)
Optimal port placement is a delicate issue in minimally in-vasive endoscopic surgery, particularly in robotically assisted surgery. A good choice of the instruments' and endoscope's ports can avoid time-consuming consecutive new port placement. We present a novel method to intuitively and precisely plan the port placement. The patient is registered to its(More)
New methods for the analysis of arrhythmias and their hemodynamic consequences have been applied in risk stratification, particularly to patients after myocardial infarction. This study investigates the suitability of shortterm heart rate turbulence (HRT) in comparison to heart rate and blood pressure variability as well as baroreceptor sensitivity analyses(More)
Despite the fact that minimally invasive robotic surgery provides many advantages for patients, such as reduced tissue trauma and shorter hospitalization, complex tasks (e.g. tissue piercing or knot-tying) are still time-consuming, error-prone and lead to quicker fatigue of the surgeon. Automating these recurrent tasks could greatly reduce total surgery(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass was rarely used for patients undergoing emergency circulatory resuscitation due to the large size and complicated setup of currently available systems. The LIFEBRIDGE B 2 T System is a new portable system consisting of a disposable patient unit with a cardiopulmonary bypass circuit, a control unit, and a base unit with user interface.(More)
A popular method for an easy and also flexible programming of robots is learning by demonstration. An intelligent controller learns a task from several examples carried out by an experienced user. Afterwards, the task can be adapted to new, formerly unknown environments. One particular challenge arising with this technique is generalization of(More)