Robert Bartha

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Ventricular enlargement may be an objective and sensitive measure of neuropathological change associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), suitable to assess disease progression for multi-centre studies. This study compared (i) ventricular enlargement after six months in subjects with MCI, AD and normal elderly controls(More)
AIM Reports on resting brain activity in healthy controls have described a default-mode network (DMN) and important differences in DMN connectivity have emerged for several psychiatric conditions. No study to date, however, has investigated resting-state DMN in relatively early depression before years of medication treatment. The objective of the present(More)
OBJECTIVE This in vivo (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy study examined levels of glutamate, glutamine, and N-acetylaspartate in patients experiencing their first episode of schizophrenia. METHOD Localized in vivo (1)H spectra were acquired at 4.0 T from the left anterior cingulate and thalamus of 21 never-treated patients with schizophrenia and 21(More)
Short echo 1H in-vivo brain MR spectra are difficult to quantify for several reasons: low signal to noise ratio, the severe overlap of spectral lines, the presence of macromolecule resonances beneath the resonances of interest, and the effect of resonances adjacent to the spectral region of interest (SRI). This paper outlines several different(More)
Precise quantification of human in vivo short echo time (1)H spectra remains problematic at clinical field strengths due to broad peak linewidths and low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In this study, multiple STEAM spectra (TE = 20 ms, volume = 8 cm(3)) were acquired in a single individual at 1.5 T and 4 T to compare quantification precision. Test-retest(More)
OBJECTIVE It is likely that the corpus striatum is involved in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Prior studies have inconsistently found alterations in caudate volumes in patients with OCD. This study was undertaken in the hope that N-acetylaspartate and volumetric measures together would elucidate the presence and nature of corpus striatum volumetric(More)
A large body of published work shows that proton (hydrogen 1 [(1)H]) magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy has evolved from a research tool into a clinical neuroimaging modality. Herein, the authors present a summary of brain disorders in which MR spectroscopy has an impact on patient management, together with a critical consideration of common data(More)
Lineshape distortion due to residual eddy currents and magnetic field inhomogeneities are often present in short echo time (1)H spectroscopic data. Lineshape correction methods such as QUALITY deconvolution and eddy current correction (ECC), which use a separate reference spectrum for lineshape correction, have shortcomings when unsuppressed water is chosen(More)
Cholinergic neurons in the striatum are thought to play major regulatory functions in motor behaviour and reward. These neurons express two vesicular transporters that can load either acetylcholine or glutamate into synaptic vesicles. Consequently cholinergic neurons can release both neurotransmitters, making it difficult to discern their individual(More)
BACKGROUND Positron emission tomographic and postmortem studies comparing schizophrenic patients with healthy control subjects have found medial prefrontal cortical and anterior cingulate abnormalities that suggest dysfunction in glutamatergic neurons. The glutamate used for nerve signal transduction is predominantly derived from glutamine. After signal(More)