Robert Bajgar

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Protection of heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury by ischemic preconditioning and K(ATP) channel openers is known to involve the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (mitoK(ATP)). Brain is also protected by ischemic preconditioning and K(ATP) channel openers, and it has been suggested that mitoK(ATP) may also play a key role in brain protection.(More)
Previous work described ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (K(ATP)) openers (e.g., BMS-180448), which retain the cardioprotective activity of agents such as cromakalim while being significantly less potent as vasodilators. In this study, we describe the pharmacologic profile of BMS-191095, which is devoid of peripheral vasodilating activity while retaining(More)
The objectives of this study was to investigate the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) after photodynamic therapy (PDT) in vitro. We examined second generation sensitizers, porphyrines (TPPS4, ZnTPPS4 and PdTPPS4) and compared their effectivity on ROS generation in G361 cell line. Used porphyrines are very efficient water-soluble aromatic dyes with(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been approved as proper and effective kind of treatment for certain types of cancer and non-malignant diseases. We tested photodynamic effects on G361 human melanoma cells sensitized by zinc-5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-sulphonatophenyl) porphyrine (ZnTPPS(4)), chloraluminium phtalocyanine disulfonate (ClAlPcS(2)) and(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a new treatment modality of tumours. The photochemical interactions of sensitizer, light, and molecular oxygen produce singlet oxygen and other forms of active oxygen, such as peroxide, hydroxyl radical and superoxid anion. Phthalocyanine ClAlPcS(2), belonging among the promising second generation of sensitizers, was tested as(More)
The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has a crucial effect on the result of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Because of this fact, we examined the ROS formation by means of three porphyrin sensitizers (TPPS(4), ZnTPPS(4) and PdTPPS(4)) and compared their effectivity for induction of cell death in the G361 (human melanoma) cell line. The porphyrins used(More)
BACKGROUND Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a new modality in cancer treatment. It is based on the tumour-selective accumulation of a photosensitizer followed by irradiation with light of a specific wavelength. PDT is becoming widely accepted owing to its relative specificity and selectivity along with absence of the harmful side-effects of chemo and(More)
The aim of this study was analysis of DNA damage in the cell line of the human melanoma G361 after photodynamic therapy (PDT) by comet assay. Photodynamic therapy is based on cytotoxic action of sensitizers (10 microM ZnTPPS4 fixed into 1 mM cyclodextrin hpbetaCD) and light with a suitable wavelength. Single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE, comet assay) is a(More)
We studied the morphology of the A549 cell line (human lung carcinoma cells) before and after photodynamic therapy (PDT) by atomic force microscopy. PDT was induced by an efficient light-emitting diode source with total light dose of 15 J cm(-2) in the presence of the sensitizer zinc-5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrine. In the presence of(More)
Several recent studies bring evidence of cell death enhancement in photodynamic compound loaded cells by ultrasonic treatment. There are a number of hypotheses suggesting the mechanism of the harmful ultrasonic effect. One of them considers a process in the activation of photosensitizers by ultrasonic energy. Because the basis of the photodynamic damaging(More)