Learn More
The Indiana lines of selected rats, the HAD and LAD replicates and the P and NP lines, were bred for high and low alcohol preference. The P and HAD lines have met criteria for an animal model of alcoholism in that they voluntarily consume sufficient ethanol to achieve significant blood alcohol concentrations, and their alcohol-seeking behavior is reinforced(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if nocturia is a risk factor for reported falls and bone fractures in older persons. DESIGN Cross-sectional study comparing falls in men and women with and without nocturia. SETTING Longitudinal health screening program of ambulatory elderly participants. PARTICIPANTS Participants included 988 (65.5%) women and 520 (34.5%) men(More)
Rats of the selectively bred alcohol-preferring P and alcohol-nonpreferring NP lines were evaluated using three different behavioral measures of anxiety. Compared with NP rats, P rats (1) showed greater footshock-induced suppression of operant responding in an approach-avoidance conflict test; (2) spent less time in the open arms of an elevated plus maze;(More)
Initial sensitivity to alcohol and the development of alcohol tolerance were examined in rats of the selectively bred alcohol-preferring (P) and -nonpreferring (NP) lines. All rats received two alcohol injections (3.0 g/kg b.wt., IP) separated by either 1 or 2 days. P rats were less sensitive to the behaviorally impairing effects of alcohol than were NP(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous study, neuropeptide Y (NPY) administered into the lateral ventricles decreased ethanol intake in alcohol-preferring (P) rats but not in alcohol-nonpreferring (NP) or unselected Wistar rats. The purpose of the present investigation is to extend these findings in selectively-bred high-alcohol-drinking (HAD)1 and low-alcohol-drinking(More)
One hundred sixty-eight obstetrical patients' conditions were monitored prospectively throughout the prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum periods to obtain data on maternal drug consumption. In the prenatal period, all patients received at least two different drug products: 93.4% received five or more, while one patient reported taking 32 different products.(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropeptide S (NPS) is a 20-amino-acid peptide, identified in the brain and periphery, that is reported to regulate arousal, anxiety, and feeding behavior. Studies were conducted to determine whether this peptide would alter ethanol intake, sucrose intake, anxiety, and general motor activity in alcohol-preferring (P) and -nonpreferring (NP)(More)
Responding maintained by orally delivered ethanol was studied in three adult male rhesus monkeys with no previous drug-taking histories. The subjects had continuous access to water throughout the study and were fed sufficient food to maintain a positive caloric balance. During daily 3-h experimental sessions, ethanol solution and water were concurrently(More)