Robert B. Rucker

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Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is a novel biofactor for which a proposition can be made for physiological importance. PQQ was first recognized as an enzyme cofactor in bacteria. It has recently been tentatively identified as a component of interstellar dust. Thus, PQQ may have been present throughout early biological conception and evolution. PQQ is also a(More)
Bioactive compounds reported to stimulate mitochondrial biogenesis are linked to many health benefits such increased longevity, improved energy utilization, and protection from reactive oxygen species. Previously studies have shown that mice and rats fed diets lacking in pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) have reduced mitochondrial content. Therefore, we(More)
Monomeric and oligomeric procyanidins present in cocoa liquors and chocolates were separated and quantified in four different laboratories using a normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with fluorescence detection. Procyanidin standards through decamers were obtained by extraction from cocoa beans, enrichment by Sephadex LH-20 gel(More)
Day-old White Leghorn cockerels were fed skim-milk-based diets containing 0, 2, 4, 8, or 16 ppm added copper as CuSO4 for 21 days. Lysyl oxidase was extracted from bone and tendon. The recovery of activity from the extracts was linearly correlated with dietary copper (r greater than 0.90). Tests of the mechanical properties of tendon and bone indicated that(More)
Copper deficiency during embryonic and fetal development can result in numerous gross structural and biochemical abnormalities. Such a deficiency can arise through a variety of mechanisms, including low maternal dietary copper intake, disease-induced or drug-induced changes in maternal and conceptus copper metabolism, or both. These issues are discussed in(More)
Protein-lysine 6-oxidase (lysyl oxidase) is a cuproenzyme that is essential for stabilization of extracellular matrixes, specifically the enzymatic cross-linking of collagen and elastin. A hypothesis is proposed that links dietary copper levels to dynamic and proportional changes in lysyl oxidase activity in connective tissue. Although nutritional copper(More)
Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is proposed as a nutritionally important growth factor, and we provide evidence that PQQ improves reproduction performance in BALB/c mice and stimulates neonatal growth. In the first experiment, weanling female BALB/c mice were adapted to a chemically-defined diet containing 0, 100, 200, 300, 1000, or 5000 ng PQQ/g of diet.(More)
Knowledge regarding the steps and mechanisms related to the intra- and interchain cross-linking of collagen and elastin has evolved steadily during the past 30 years. Recently, effort has been directed at identifying the location and types of cross-links that are found in collagen and elastin. There are two major groups of cross-links: those initiated by(More)
Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) added to purified diets devoid of PQQ improves indices of perinatal development in rats and mice. Herein, PQQ nutritional status and lysine metabolism are described, prompted by a report that PQQ functions as a vitamin-like enzymatic cofactor important in lysine metabolism (Nature 422 [2003] 832). Alternatively, we propose(More)