Robert B. Ostroff

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OBJECTIVE Reduced gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) concentrations have been reported in the plasma, CSF, and cortex of depressed subjects. Of interest is that ECT, one of the most effective treatments for severe refractory depression, produces considerable anticonvulsant effects that may be related to increased GABAergic transmission. The purpose of this(More)
OBJECTIVES Studies now provide strong evidence that the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist ketamine possesses rapidly acting antidepressant properties. This study aimed to determine if a low dose of ketamine could be used to expedite and augment the antidepressant effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) treatments in patients experiencing a severe(More)
BACKGROUND At low doses, risperidone acts as a 5-HT2 antagonist. Preclinical data suggest 5-HT2 antagonists may enhance the action of serotonin. This report examines the clinical use of risperidone to augment selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) anti-depressants in patients who have not responded to SSRI therapy. METHOD In 8 patients with major(More)
Urinary free-cortisol levels (micrograms per day) were measured by radioimmunoassay at 2-week intervals during the course of hospitalization in the following patient groups: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); major depressive disorder; bipolar I, manic; paranoid schizophrenia; and undifferentiated schizophrenia. The mean cortisol level during(More)
Are "generalized" seizures truly generalized? Generalized tonic-clonic seizures are classified as either secondarily generalized with local onset or primarily generalized, without known focal onset. In both types of generalized seizures widespread regions of the nervous system engage in abnormally synchronous and high-frequency neuronal firing. However,(More)
Urinary norepinephrine and epinephrine levels (microgram/day) were measured at two-week intervals during the course of hospitalization in the following patient groups: post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); major depressive disorder (MDD); bipolar I, manic (BP); paranoid schizophrenia (PS); and undifferentiated schizophrenia (US). The mean norepinephrine(More)
BACKGROUND Repetitive self-injurious behavior (SIB) is a dangerous and often treatment-refractory syndrome encountered frequently in clinical practice. The authors sought to determine if oral naltrexone could decrease SIB in a sample of adult psychiatric patients. METHOD Seven female patients with SIB accompanied by analgesia and dysphoria reduction were(More)
The anatomical brain regions involved in the therapeutic and adverse actions of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) are unknown. Previous studies suggest that bifrontal vs. bitemporal ECT differ in therapeutic efficacy and cognitive side effects. We therefore performed cerebral blood flow (CBF) imaging during bitemporal vs. bifrontal ECT-induced seizures to(More)
Postpartum affective disorders continue to be a major health issue for women. There is a general belief that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective in treating severe or treatment-refractory postpartum affective illnesses, but evidence to support this assertion is lacking. In this case series, we present 5 cases of women with postpartum depression and(More)