Robert B. Johnston

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Increasingly we wish to ask and research questions about the adoption of interorganizational systems and electronic commerce at the industry level but are hampered by the lack of a theory of concerted purposeful action at this large level of analysis. In this paper we give the outlines of such a theory and indicate the uses to which it can be put.(More)
Increasingly, large retail companies are finding that the traditional vision of Electronic Data Interchange using a Value Added Network with expensive message translation software and private wide area networks, is unable to deliver its promise of paperless trading with their suppliers. While many have achieved a high level of EDI compliance from large(More)
This paper outlines a multi-level theory of interorganizational systems (IOS) that explicitly recognizes the importance of the industry as a macrolevel unit of analysis in addition to the units (enterprises) at the micro-level. The roles of the external environment and the technology-based IOS are also recognized. Theories of intentional agency drawn from(More)
Strategies and policies for the adoption and development of interorganizational systems require further understanding of the theoretical background to these systems. An argument is made for development of theory that is multi-level, processual and has an emergent perspective. Such theory is needed to deal with a context where environmental influences are(More)
Using mobile commerce services, users can send/receive emails, download music/graphics/animations, play games, trade stocks, book tickets, find friends, conduct financial and banking transactions and so on. A distinguishing factor of m-commerce services is the ability to perform tasks anywhere, anytime. Given such uniqueness, it has been a huge success in(More)
Received: 2 April 2009 Revised: 29 September 2009 2nd Revision: 21 September 2010 3rd Revision: 20 January 2011 Accepted: 27 February 2011 Abstract In a number of organisational settings where work is highly skilled but substantially routine, certain entrenched manual systems have resisted digitisation. These systems include card-based systems in emergency(More)