Robert B. Jennings

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We have previously shown that a brief episode of ischemia slows the rate of ATP depletion during subsequent ischemic episodes. Additionally, intermittent reperfusion may be beneficial to the myocardium by washing out catabolites that have accumulated during ischemia. ' Thus, we proposed that multiple brief ischemic episodes might actually protect the heart(More)
The present study was done to quantitate the evolution of myocardial ischemic cell death within the framework of (1) the anatomical boundaries of the ischemic bed at risk and (2) the magnitude and transmural distribution of collateral blood flow. Myocardial ischemia was produced by proximal circumflex (LCC) occlusions in open chest dogs. Infarcts reperfused(More)
The role of microvascular damage in the genesis of the "no-reflow" phenomenon was investigated in the left ventricular myocardium of dogs subjected to temporary occlusions of a major coronary artery for 40 and 90 min. Intravenous carbon black or thioflavin S (a fluorescent vital stain for endothelium) were used to demonstrate the distribution of coronary(More)
Irreversible ischemic myocardial cell injury developes in an increasing number of cells as the duration of coronary occlusion is prolonged. The present study quantitates myocardial necrosis produced by 40 minutes, 3 hours, or 6 hours of temporary circumflex coronary occlusion (CO) followed by 2 to 4 days of reperfusion, or by 24 or 96 hours of permanent(More)
We have shown previously that preconditioning myocardium with four 5-minute episodes of ischemia and reperfusion dramatically limited the size of infarcts caused by a subsequent 40-minute episode of sustained ischemia. The current study was undertaken to assess whether the same preconditioning protocol slowed the loss of high energy phosphates, limited(More)
The metabolic changes associated with the sudden onset of ischemia caused by occlusion of a major coronary artery include (a) cessation of aerobic metabolism, (b) depletion of creatine phosphate (CP), (c) onset of anaerobic glycolysis, and (d) accumulation of glycolytic products, such as lactate and alpha glycerol phosphate (alpha GP), and catabolites of(More)
The Animal Models for Protecting Ischemic Myocardium Study was undertaken for the purpose of developing reproducible animal models that could be used to assess interventions designed to limit infarct size. This paper describes the results obtained in an unconscious dog model and in a conscious dog model, developed in three participating laboratories. The(More)
In experimental studies in the dog, total proximal coronary artery occlusions of up to 15 minutes result in reversible injury, meaning that the myocytes survive this insult. The 15 minutes of ischemia, however, induce numerous changes in the myocardium, including certain monuments to the brief episode of ischemia that may persist for days. One of these(More)
The effect of ischemic injury on calcium and magnesium distribution in dog myocardial cells was investigated in tissue damaged by occlusion of the circumflex branch of the left coronary artery for 60 minutes or for 40 minutes followed by 20 minutes of reperfusion of the damaged tissue by arterial blood. No significant change in the concentration of these(More)