Robert B . Fritz

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Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), an experimental autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS), is readily induced in many mammalian species by immunization with CNS tissue or myelin basic protein (MBP) purified from the CNS. EAE has been frequently used as a model for multiple sclerosis (MS). However, EAE generally presents as an(More)
Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) serves as a model for autoimmune diseases mediated by T lymphocytes. Following sensitization to rat, mouse or guinea pig myelin basic protein (MBP) in complete Freund's adjuvant, inbred mouse strains PL/J (H-2u), SJL/J (H-2s) and (PL/J X SJL/J)F1((PLSJ)F1) develop EAE. Whereas sensitization to the N-terminal 37(More)
Previously, we reported that myelin basic protein (MBP) peptide 1-37 contains an encephalitogenic epitope for PL/J mice, and MBP peptide 89-169 is encephalitogenic for SJL/J mice. (SJPL)F1 hybrid mice do not respond to immunization with these peptides in a co-dominant manner because the encephalitogenic response to peptide 1-37 dominates. To examine this(More)
Recent experiments have shown that different regions of myelin basic protein (MBP) are encephalitogenic for different inbred strains of mice. It was therefore of interest to determine whether the immune response to MBP was MHC associated, and if so, what subregion controlled this response. Because PL/J and A/J mice were good responders to mouse MBP and(More)
Class II-restricted T cell clones specific for myelin basic protein (MBP) have been generated from PL/J and (PL/J X SJL/J)F1 [((PLSJ)F1] mice following sensitization to rat MBP. Of 17 T cell clones generated from (PLSJ)F1 mice, 5 are I-Au(A alpha uA beta u) restricted, one is restricted to I-As(A alpha sA beta s), 10 are restricted to hybrid I-A(u X s)F1 (A(More)
Clostridium botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are the most toxic proteins for humans. The current clostridial-derived vaccines against BoNT intoxication have limitations including production and accessibility. Conditions were established to express the soluble receptor binding domain (heavy-chain receptor [HCR]) of BoNT serotypes A and E in Escherichia coli.(More)
Failure of C57BL/6J and C57BL/10Sn (H-2b) mice to exhibit clinical signs of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis following immunization with myelin basic protein (MBP) has been interpreted to indicate that mice of this haplotype are resistant to EAE. Recently, we immunized strain 129/J (H-2b) mice with rat MBP and found that clinical signs of EAE were(More)
Immunization with a synthetic peptide with an amino acid sequence corresponding to mouse myelin basic protein exon-2 induced mild experimental allergic encephalitis (EAE) in B10.RIII mice, very mild disease in SJL/J mice and no disease in (SJL x PL)F1 hybrid mice. In contrast, adoptive transfer of an exon-2 peptide-specific T cell line from SJL mice induced(More)