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Ionic mechanisms underlying low-threshold (LTO) and high-threshold (HTO) oscillations occurring in a class of spiny neurons within the basolateral amygdaloid complex (see companion paper) were investigated in slice preparations of the guinea pig amygdala in vitro. LTOs were abolished through local application of tetrodotoxin (TTX, 10-20 microM) or a(More)
Intracellular recordings in the guinea pig and cat basolateral amygdaloid (BL) complex maintained as slices in vitro revealed that a subpopulation of neurons (79%) in the lateral (AL) and basolateral (ABl) nuclei generated two types of slow oscillations of the membrane potential upon steady depolarization from resting potential. The cells were of a stellate(More)
The flight motor pattern of the adult locust (Locusta migratoria L.) is able to recover from the loss of the hindwing tegulae. This recovery is due to a functional substitution of the hindwing tegulae by the forewing tegulae (Büschges, Ramirez, and Pearson, 1992). To assess changes in the pathways from the forewing tegulae in the flight system, we(More)
A majority of projection neurons in the lateral amygdala generate oscillatory spike firing in the theta-frequency range, largely due to intrinsic membrane properties. Here we report on the occurrence of spike doublets in about 70% of these cells. Spike doublets consisted of a fast initial and a second slower component, which were mediated by sodium- and(More)
In inactive stick insects, sensory information from the femoral chordotonal organ (fCO) about position and movement of the femur-tibia joint is transferred via local nonspiking interneurons onto extensor and flexor tibiae motoneurons. Information is processed by the interaction of antagonistic parallel pathways at two levels: (1) at the input side of the(More)
The amygdala is considered a core structure of the so-called limbic system and has been implicated in a variety of functions, including emotional interpretation of sensory information, emotional arousal, emotional memory, fear and anxiety, and related clinical disorders. Despite the clinical and functional importance of the amygdala, it is only recently(More)
Synaptic mechanisms underlying NMDA-mediated responses of neurons in the guinea pig lateral amygdala (AL) were investigated in in vitro slice preparations. Local application of NMDA resulted in initial hyperpolarization of pyramidal-like spiny cells (projection neurons), followed by prolonged depolarization. The slow depolarization represented a direct(More)
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