Robert B. Diasio

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We had previously shown that high gene expressions (mRNA levels) of thymidylate synthase (TS; Leichman et al., J. Clin. Oncol., 15: 3223-3229, 1997) and thymidine phosphorylase (TP; Metzger et al., Clin. Cancer Res., 4: 2371-2376, 1998) in pretreatment tumor biopsies could identify tumors that would be nonresponsive to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based therapy.(More)
Germline BRCA1 mutations predispose to breast cancer. To identify genetic modifiers of this risk, we performed a genome-wide association study in 1,193 individuals with BRCA1 mutations who were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer under age 40 and 1,190 BRCA1 carriers without breast cancer diagnosis over age 35. We took forward 96 SNPs for replication in(More)
The activity of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and plasma concentration of 5-fluorouracil (FUra) were simultaneously determined in cancer patients receiving FUra by protracted continuous infusion (300 mg/m2/day). Blood samples were drawn every 3 h over 24-h period and the resulting DPD and FUra values analyzed(More)
5-Fluorouracil, first introduced as a rationally synthesized anticancer agent 30 years ago, continues to be widely used in the management of several common malignancies including cancer of the colon, breast and skin. This drug, an analogue of the naturally occurring pyrimidine uracil, is metabolised via the same metabolic pathways as uracil. Although(More)
Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is the initial and rate-limiting enzyme in the catabolism of 5-fluorouracil (FUra), one of the most widely used anticancer drugs. Previous studies from our laboratory demonstrated the clinical importance of DPD in cancer patients (G. D. Heggie, J-P. Sommadossi, D. S. Cross, W. J. Huster, and R. B. Diasio. Cancer Res.,(More)
Triple-negative breast cancers are an aggressive subtype of breast cancer with poor survival, but there remains little known about the etiologic factors that promote its initiation and development. Commonly inherited breast cancer risk factors identified through genome-wide association studies display heterogeneity of effect among breast cancer subtypes as(More)
Kinetics of 5-fluorouracil (FUra) and FUra metabolites in plasma and urine were investigated in 10 cancer patients following i.v. bolus administration of 500 mg/m2 FUra with 600 microCi of [6-3H]FUra. Biliary excretion was examined in two patients with external biliary catheters. Quantitation of unchanged drug and metabolites was assessed by a highly(More)
Severe neurotoxicity due to 5-fluorouracil (FUra) has previously been described in a patient with familial pyrimidinemia. We now report the biochemical basis for both the pyrimidinemia and neurotoxicity in a patient we have recently studied. After administration of a "test" dose of FUra (25 mg/m2, 600 microCi[6-3H]FUra by intravenous bolus) to a patient who(More)
One hundred ninety-four patients with cryptococcal meningitis were enrolled in a multicenter, prospective, randomized clinical trial to compare the efficacy and toxicity of four as compared with six weeks of combination amphotericin B and flucytosine therapy. Among 91 patients who met preestablished criteria for randomization, cure or improvement was noted(More)
Several recent studies have reported a correlation between intratumor dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) messenger RNA (mRNA) levels and sensitivity to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). However, significant tissue requirements and labor-intensive methodology have limited the large-scale studies necessary for statistical validation. In addition, the semiquantitative(More)