Learn More
The fine structure of the secondary lamellae of gills was examined in two cold-water marine teleosts, the winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, and the antarctic cod, Trematomus borchgrevinki. In both species the overall lamellar fine structure is similar to that of other marine teleosts. The major variations in cellular organization involve the(More)
In Antarctic notothenioid fishes large amounts (3% w/v) of small molecular weights of 2,600-23,500 and would be expected to be filtered into the urine, they remain in the blood because the kidneys of these fishes contain only aglomerular nephrons. Unlike the situation in most fishes, urine formation is the result of secretion rather than filtration and(More)
Recombinant human glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (r-metHuGDNF) is a potent neuronal growth and survival factor that has been considered for clinical use in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Here we present results of a 6-month toxicology study in rhesus monkeys conducted to support clinical evaluation of chronic intraputamenal infusion(More)
The blood of the winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, contains small (3000–8000 daltons) anionic peptides (pI < 5) with antifreeze properties. They are present only in the winter and are retained in the circulatory system even though inulin and polyethylene glycol, of comparable molecular size, are filtered by the glomerular kidney. Electron(More)
Recombinant human idursulfase, an intravenous enzyme replacement therapy indicated for treatment of somatic symptoms of mucopolysaccharidosis II (Hunter syndrome), is anticipated to have minimal benefit for the cognitive impairment associated with the severe phenotype. Because intrathecal (IT) administration of enzyme replacement therapy for other lysosomal(More)
Four species of Phocidae, or true seals, inhabit the waters surrounding the Antarctic continent. These animals are thought to have different diving capabilities. The Weddell seal, Leptonychotes weddelli, is known to be capable of attaining depths up to 600 meters. The respiratiory system of the Weddell seal shows the usual adaptations to an aquatic(More)
CLN2 disease is caused by deficiency in tripeptidyl peptidase-1 (TPP1), leading to neurodegeneration and death. The safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and CNS distribution of recombinant human TPP1 (rhTPP1) were characterized following a single intracerebroventricular (ICV) or intrathecal-lumbar (IT-L) infusion to cynomolgus monkeys. Animals received 0, 5, 14,(More)
The surface binding characteristics and permeability properties of the endothelium of secondary lamellae from the gills of several species of marine teleosts were investigated by introducing cationized ferritin and native ferritin into the microcirculation under normal environmental conditions. Neither type of ferritin bound to the luminal surface of the(More)