Learn More
The authors conducted a 2-year, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled efficacy field trial of live, attenuated, cold-adapted, trivalent influenza vaccine administered by nasal spray to children 15-71 months old. Overall, vaccine was 92% efficacious at preventing culture-confirmed infection by influenza A/H3N2 and influenza B. Because influenza(More)
The emergence of influenza A viruses which had acquired resistance to rimantadine during a clinical trial (C. B. Hall, R. Dolin, C. L. Gala, D. M. Markovitz, Y. Q. Zhang, P. H. Madore, F. A. Disney, W. B. Talpey, J. L. Green, A. B. Francis, and M. E. Pichichero, Pediatrics 80:275-282, 1987) provided the opportunity to determine the genetic basis of this(More)
BACKGROUND Universal vaccination of children 6 to 59 months of age with trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine has recently been recommended by U.S. advisory bodies. To evaluate alternative vaccine approaches, we compared the safety and efficacy of intranasally administered live attenuated influenza vaccine with those of inactivated vaccine in infants and(More)
BACKGROUND Two doses of either trivalent live attenuated or inactivated influenza vaccines (LAIV and TIV, respectively) are approved for young children (≥ 24 months old for LAIV and ≥ 6 months old for TIV) and induce protective antibody responses. However, whether combinations of LAIV and TIV are safe and equally immunogenic is unknown. Furthermore, LAIV is(More)
BACKGROUND Two previous studies of a herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) subunit vaccine containing glycoprotein D in HSV-discordant couples revealed 73% and 74% efficacy against genital disease in women who were negative for both HSV type 1 (HSV-1) and HSV-2 antibodies. Efficacy was not observed in men or HSV-1 seropositive women. METHODS We conducted a(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the immunogenicity of three Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines in infants residing in different geographic areas. DESIGN A multicenter, randomized immunogenicity trial with sera assayed in one laboratory without knowledge of vaccine brand status. In Minneapolis and Dallas, infants were vaccinated at 2, 4, and 6(More)
A highly attenuated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) experimental vaccine, RSV ts-2, was sequentially evaluated in adults, seropositive children, and finally, fully susceptible seronegative children. The vaccine was administered intranasally in doses ranging from 10(5.2) to 10(6.3) PFU/ml. In both adults and children, the vaccine proved to be poorly(More)
BACKGROUND Influenzavirus vaccine is used infrequently in healthy children, even though the rates of influenza in this group are high. We conducted a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a live attenuated, cold-adapted, trivalent influenzavirus vaccine in children 15 to 71 months old. METHODS Two hundred eighty-eight children were(More)
The therapeutic activity of rimantadine and its relationship to the shedding of drug-resistant influenza A virus were assessed in two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials involving patients with laboratory-documented influenza A virus (H3N2 subtype) illness of 2 days' duration or less. In a family-based study, rimantadine treatment for 10(More)