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1. Polyamine block of rat GluR6(Q) glutamate receptor channels was studied in outside-out patches from transiently transfected HEK 293 cells. With symmetrical 150 mM Na+ and 30 microM internal spermine there was biphasic voltage dependence with 95% block at +40 mV but only 20% block at +140 mV. Dose-inhibition analysis for external spermine also revealed(More)
Association of Kv channel-interacting proteins (KChIPs) with Kv4 channels leads to modulation of these A-type potassium channels (An, W. F., Bowlby, M. R., Betty, M., Cao, J., Ling, H. P., Mendoza, G., Hinson, J. W., Mattsson, K. I., Strassle, B. W., Trimmer, J. S., and Rhodes, K. J. (2000) Nature 403, 553-556). We cloned a KChIP2 splice variant (KChIP2.2)(More)
Voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv) of the Shaker-related superfamily are assembled from membrane-integrated alpha subunits and auxiliary beta subunits. The beta subunits may increase Kv channel surface expression and/or confer A-type behavior to noninactivating Kv channels in heterologous expression systems. The interaction of Kv alpha and Kv beta(More)
Previous work by Cellerino et al. has shown that chronic absence of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) resulted in hypomyelination of the optic nerve. Since myelination is influenced by neuronal activity, it is possible that a deficiency in BDNF during early development could alter the firing properties of retinal neurons. To test this hypothesis,(More)
Some areas of the mammalian CNS, such as the retina, contain not one but two fast inhibitory neurotransmitter systems whose actions are mediated by GABA and glycine. Each inhibitory receptor system is encoded by a separate gene family and has a unique set of agonists and antagonists. Therefore, in rat retinal ganglion cells we were surprised to find that a(More)
Neurotransmitter receptor clustering is thought to represent a critical parameter for neuronal transmission. Little is known about the mechanisms that anchor and concentrate inhibitory neurotransmitter receptors in neurons. GABAA receptor (GABAAR) alpha5 subunits mainly locate at extrasynaptic sites and are thought to mediate tonic inhibition. Notably,(More)
Shaker-related voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels may be heterooligomers consisting of membrane-integral alpha-subunits associated with auxiliary cytoplasmic beta-subunits. In this study we have cloned the human Kvbeta3.1 subunit and the corresponding KCNA3B gene. Identification of sequence-tagged sites in the gene mapped KCNA3B to band p13.1 of human(More)
Voltage-gated potassium channels related to the Shal gene of Drosophila (Kv4 channels) mediate a subthreshold-activating current (I(SA)) that controls dendritic excitation and the backpropagation of action potentials in neurons. Kv4 channels also exhibit a prominent low voltage-induced closed-state inactivation, but the underlying molecular mechanism is(More)
The transient outward potassium current (I(to)) in cardiac myocytes is mainly mediated by members of the Kv4 subfamily of voltage-gated potassium channels. Several in vitro studies have shown that angiotensin II (Ang II), which plays an important role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy, rapidly downregulates Kv4.3 mRNA expression. However, it is not(More)
1. The action of philanthotoxin 343 (PhTX) on rat homomeric GluR6(Q) recombinant glutamate receptor channels was analysed using concentration-jump techniques and outside-out patches from HEK 293 cells. Both onset and recovery from block by external PhTX were dependent on the presence of agonist, indicating that channels must open for PhTX to bind and that(More)