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1. Polyamine block of rat GluR6(Q) glutamate receptor channels was studied in outside-out patches from transiently transfected HEK 293 cells. With symmetrical 150 mM Na+ and 30 microM internal spermine there was biphasic voltage dependence with 95% block at +40 mV but only 20% block at +140 mV. Dose-inhibition analysis for external spermine also revealed(More)
Voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv) of the Shaker-related superfamily are assembled from membrane-integrated alpha subunits and auxiliary beta subunits. The beta subunits may increase Kv channel surface expression and/or confer A-type behavior to noninactivating Kv channels in heterologous expression systems. The interaction of Kv alpha and Kv beta(More)
Association of Kv channel-interacting proteins (KChIPs) with Kv4 channels leads to modulation of these A-type potassium channels (An, W. F., Bowlby, M. R., Betty, M., Cao, J., Ling, H. P., Mendoza, G., Hinson, J. W., Mattsson, K. I., Strassle, B. W., Trimmer, J. S., and Rhodes, K. J. (2000) Nature 403, 553-556). We cloned a KChIP2 splice variant (KChIP2.2)(More)
Some areas of the mammalian CNS, such as the retina, contain not one but two fast inhibitory neurotransmitter systems whose actions are mediated by GABA and glycine. Each inhibitory receptor system is encoded by a separate gene family and has a unique set of agonists and antagonists. Therefore, in rat retinal ganglion cells we were surprised to find that a(More)
In the retina, the ability to encode graded depolarizations into spike trains of variable frequency appears to be a specific property of retinal ganglion neurons (RGNs). To deduce the developmental changes in ion conductances underlying the transition from single to repetitive firing, patch-clamp recordings were performed in the isolated mouse retina(More)
Voltage-gated potassium channels related to the Shal gene of Drosophila (Kv4 channels) mediate a subthreshold-activating current (I(SA)) that controls dendritic excitation and the backpropagation of action potentials in neurons. Kv4 channels also exhibit a prominent low voltage-induced closed-state inactivation, but the underlying molecular mechanism is(More)
Shaker-related voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels may be heterooligomers consisting of membrane-integral alpha-subunits associated with auxiliary cytoplasmic beta-subunits. In this study we have cloned the human Kvbeta3.1 subunit and the corresponding KCNA3B gene. Identification of sequence-tagged sites in the gene mapped KCNA3B to band p13.1 of human(More)
1. The action of philanthotoxin 343 (PhTX) on rat homomeric GluR6(Q) recombinant glutamate receptor channels was analysed using concentration-jump techniques and outside-out patches from HEK 293 cells. Both onset and recovery from block by external PhTX were dependent on the presence of agonist, indicating that channels must open for PhTX to bind and that(More)
Neurotransmitter receptor clustering is thought to represent a critical parameter for neuronal transmission. Little is known about the mechanisms that anchor and concentrate inhibitory neurotransmitter receptors in neurons. GABAA receptor (GABAAR) alpha5 subunits mainly locate at extrasynaptic sites and are thought to mediate tonic inhibition. Notably,(More)
1. We studied the gating kinetics of Kv4.2 channels, the molecular substrate of neuronal somatodendritic A-type currents. For this purpose wild-type and mutant channels were transiently expressed in the human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cell line and currents were measured in the whole-cell patch-clamp configuration. 2. Kv4.2 channels inactivated from(More)