Robert Andrew James

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This study examined the effects of exercise-induced muscle damage on tremor and proprioception components of neuromuscular function. Six male and six female volunteers (aged 18-30 yr) performed 50 maximal eccentric muscle actions using the forearm flexors of the nondominant arm. Forearm flexor tremor and perception of voluntary force and joint position were(More)
The lymphoid tyrosine phosphatase (LYP), encoded by the protein tyrosine phosphatase-22 (PTPN22) gene, is a powerful inhibitor of T cell activation. Recently, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), encoding a functional arginine to tryptophan residue change at LYP codon 620 has been shown to be associated with type 1 diabetes and other autoimmune(More)
The reference sequence for each human chromosome provides the framework for understanding genome function, variation and evolution. Here we report the finished sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. Chromosome 1 is gene-dense, with 3,141 genes and 991 pseudogenes, and many coding sequences overlap. Rearrangements and mutations of(More)
The molecular determinants governing cell-specific expression of the thyrotropin (TSH) beta-subunit gene in pituitary thyrotropes are not well understood. The P1 region of the mouse TSHbeta promoter (-133 to -88) region interacts with Pit-1 and an additional 50-kDa factor at an adjacent site that resembles a consensus GATA binding site. Northern and Western(More)
Conventional surgery and radiotherapy for acromegaly have limitations. There are few data on the use of the somatostatin analog octreotide (Oct) as primary medical therapy. An open prospective study of 27 patients with newly diagnosed acromegaly was conducted in nine endocrine centers in the United Kingdom. Twenty patients had macroadenomas, and 7 had(More)
CONTEXT A recent large-scale analysis of nonsynonymous coding polymorphisms showed strong evidence that an alanine to threonine amino acid change at codon 946 of the interferon-induced helicase (IFIH1) gene (SNP ID rs1990760) was associated with type 1 diabetes. Previous investigations have also demonstrated that an intronic polymorphism (termed PD1.3; SNP(More)
Mice carrying mutations of the gene encoding the ion pore of the P/Q calcium channel (Cacna1a) are an instance in which cerebellar dysfunction may be attributable to altered electrophysiology and thus provide an opportunity to study how neuronal intrinsic properties dictate signal processing in the ocular motor system. P/Q channel mutations can engender(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to validate and determine the accuracy of a new sandwich ELISA for canine N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in the discrimination of canine patients with cardiac disease from those with respiratory disease and to determine the effect of confounding variables on NT-proBNP concentrations. METHODS Validation studies(More)
Suprasellar masses are varied in aetiology and can present diagnostic problems for a radiologist. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has largely replaced computed tomography (CT) as a diagnostic tool for these lesions, although CT can provide complementary information in some conditions. In this article, we review imaging features of common suprasellar(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the results of transsphenoidal pituitary surgery in patients with Cushing's disease over a period of 18 years, and to determine if there are factors which will predict the outcome. PATIENTS Sixty-nine sequential patients treated surgically by a single surgeon in Newcastle upon Tyne between 1980 and 1997 were identified and data from 61(More)