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Group B streptococci are an important cause of infant septicemia and meningitis. A prospective study of group B streptococcal colonization in a 300-bed community hospital disclosed rates of 29% of 297 third-trimester women, 37% of 242 newborn infants, and 45% of 22 hospital personnel. Colonized parturients were more frequently black and anemic on admission(More)
Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of 28 clinical isolates of Flavobacterium sp. were determined by standard disk diffusion technique and by antimicrobial dilution in agar. Rifampin, clindamycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, cefoxitin, and vancomycin are among the antimicrobial agents which may be clinically useful to treat infections caused by(More)
Between April 4 and May 10, 1982, fifty-four individuals developed a poison ivy-like dermatitis 1 to 8 days after eating imported cashew nuts. The patients had a very pruritic, erythematous, maculopapular eruption that was accentuated in the flexural areas of the body. Three had blistering of the mouth and four had rectal itching. Nineteen volunteers(More)
Within a six-day period in March, 1974, three infants born at a hospital in central Arkansas developed meningitis caused by group B, type III Streptococci. Three factors suggested nosocomial transmission of the organism in the nursery: (1) the three infants were born in a six-day period, (2) four weeks after their infants' births, none of the parents had(More)
An intern responsible for the care of a patient with chronic cryptosporidiosis developed acute diarrhea and serologic evidence of cryptosporidium infection. Sera from 26 hospital personnel exposed to the patient and 18 personnel with no exposure were examined with an indirect immunofluorescent antibody procedure for the presence of antibodies to(More)
BACKGROUND Although clinical investigators are regarded as an endangered species, no systematic investigation of the factors that influence doctor participation in clinical research has previously been performed. AIM The objective of this study was to evaluate the influences of selected aspects of medical education, specialty selection and practice type(More)
Medical schools and teaching hospitals are experiencing more frequent turnover of department chairs. Loss of a department chair creates instability in the department and may have a negative effect on the organization at large. Interim leadership of academic departments is common, and interim chairs are expected to immediately demonstrate skills and(More)
In 1994 the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania announced a statewide Generalist Physician Initiative (GPI) modeled after The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's GPI. Three-year grants totaling more than $9 million were awarded to seven of Pennsylvania's medical schools, including two that had already received GPI grants from the foundation. Stimulated by these(More)