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CONTEXT Solid organ transplant recipients have elevated cancer risk due to immunosuppression and oncogenic viral infections. Because most prior research has concerned kidney recipients, large studies that include recipients of differing organs can inform cancer etiology. OBJECTIVE To describe the overall pattern of cancer following solid organ(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that the frequency of cancer is higher in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) than in the general population, but have not established whether this increase is confined to certain cancers or to certain categories of ESRD patients. The aim of this study was to examine the risk of cancer in a large cohort of(More)
BACKGROUND Mortality and hospitalization rates are reported for nationally representative random samples of haemodialysis patients treated at randomly selected dialysis facilities in five European countries participating in the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Pattern Study (DOPPS) (France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK). RESULTS In the UK, 28.1% of(More)
We examined 502 subjects, 247 of whom had occupational elemental mercury exposures 20 to 35 years previously, to identify potential exposure-related neurological abnormalities. Few significant (p less than 0.05) differences existed between exposed and unexposed subjects. However, multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated several significant(More)
Associations among measures of median, ulnar, and sural nerve conduction and age, skin temperature, sex, and anthropometric factors were evaluated in a population of 105 healthy, asymptomatic adults without occupational exposure to highly repetitive or forceful hand exertions. Height was negatively associated with sensory amplitude in all nerves tested (P(More)
The effect of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was studied in 2142 emergency medical service (EMS) cardiac arrest runs. When bystander CPR was administered to cardiac arrest victims, 22.9% of the victims survived until they were admitted to the hospital and 11.9% were discharged alive. In comparison, the statistics for cardiac arrest victims(More)
CONTEXT Transplantation using kidneys from deceased donors who meet the expanded criteria donor (ECD) definition (age > or =60 years or 50 to 59 years with at least 2 of the following: history of hypertension, serum creatinine level >1.5 mg/dL [132.6 micromol/L], and cerebrovascular cause of death) is associated with 70% higher risk of graft failure(More)
A new class of asymptotically nonparametric two-sample approximate tests for discrete interval-censored data is proposed. This class extends the family developed by Pepe and Fleming (1989, Biometrics 45, 497-507) for right-censored data and is based on an integrated weighted difference in survival function estimates. The tests are sensitive to the(More)
The demand for donated organs greatly exceeds supply and many candidates die awaiting transplantation. Policies for allocating deceased donor organs may address equity of access and medical efficacy, but typically must be implemented with incomplete information. Simulation-based analysis can inform the policy process by predicting the likely effects of(More)
Time-dependent covariates are an essential data analysis tool for modeling the effect of a study factor whose value changes during follow-up. However, survival analysis models can yield conclusions that are contrary to the truth if such time-dependent factors are not defined and used carefully. We outline some of the biases that can occur when(More)