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The specificity and magnitude of the effects of cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of bulimia nervosa were evaluated. Seventy-five patients who met strict diagnostic criteria were treated with either cognitive behavior therapy, a simplified behavioral version of this treatment, or interpersonal psychotherapy. Assessment was by interview and(More)
OBJECTIVE Because hypothermia enhances human tolerance for cerebral ischemia, profound hypothermia is induced in many centers so that the circulation can be arrested while clips are applied to high-risk giant cerebral aneurysms. Brain temperature is measured directly with an intracerebral probe that avoids the uncertainty of surrogate monitoring. However,(More)
OBJECTIVE A critical review of the literature on the incidence, presentation, diagnosis, and prognosis of perimesencephalic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS Review of the relevant literature. CONCLUSION The importance of early computed tomography (< 3 d), anatomy of the perimesencephalic and neighboring cisterns, and adequate four-vessel(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral blood flow (CBF) is reduced after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and symptomatic vasospasm is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Volume expansion has been reported to increase CBF after SAH, but CBF values in hypervolemic (HV) and normovolemic (NV) subjects have never been directly compared. METHODS On the day after(More)
The effect of hypothermia on neuronal injury following permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in the rat was examined. Moderate hypothermia (body temperature 24 degrees C) was induced before MCA occlusion (0-minute delay group) in six rats, at 30 minutes in eight rats, and at 1 (seven rats), 2 (seven rats), and 3 (nine rats) hours after occlusion.(More)
BACKGROUND Brain temperature is closely approximated by most body temperature measurements under normal anesthetic conditions. However, when thermal autoregulation is overridden, large temperature gradients may prevail. This study sought to determine which of the standard temperature monitoring sites best approximates brain temperature when deep hypothermia(More)
OBJECTIVE Generalized disruption of arterial wall morphological changes in patients harboring cerebral aneurysms has been documented; however, little is known regarding the pathogenesis of these changes. To explore the role of the elastolytic gelatinase, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), levels of this enzyme in the wall of intracranial aneurysms were(More)
In a consecutive series of 1930 carotid endarterectomies there were eight cases of postoperative intracerebral hemorrhage. One of these patients was operated on 2 weeks following cerebral infarction and had severe uncontrollable hypertension after surgery. A second patient had an intraoperative embolus and bled while fully heparinized on the 3rd(More)
This report details the surgical treatment of 44 patients with aneurysms of the vertebral and basilar arteries. Three different surgical approaches were utilized depending on the location of the aneurysm. These were an anterior supratentorial approach, a lateral suboccipital approach, and a combined supratentorial and infratentorial approach along the(More)
The recent availability of transgenic mice has led to a burgeoning number of reports describing the effects of specific gene products on the pathophysiology of stroke. Although focal cerebral ischemia models in rats have been well described, descriptions of a murine model of middle cerebral artery occlusion are scant and sources of potential experimental(More)