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The recent availability of transgenic mice has led to a burgeoning number of reports describing the effects of specific gene products on the pathophysiology of stroke. Although focal cerebral ischemia models in rats have been well described, descriptions of a murine model of middle cerebral artery occlusion are scant and sources of potential experimental(More)
In a consecutive series of 1930 carotid endarterectomies there were eight cases of postoperative intracerebral hemorrhage. One of these patients was operated on 2 weeks following cerebral infarction and had severe uncontrollable hypertension after surgery. A second patient had an intraoperative embolus and bled while fully heparinized on the 3rd(More)
The effect of hypothermia on neuronal injury following permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in the rat was examined. Moderate hypothermia (body temperature 24 degrees C) was induced before MCA occlusion (0-minute delay group) in six rats, at 30 minutes in eight rats, and at 1 (seven rats), 2 (seven rats), and 3 (nine rats) hours after occlusion.(More)
The effect of mild hypothermia on cerebral injury was evaluated in a rat model of permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) and ipsilateral carotid artery occlusion. The MCA occlusion was performed in rats at temporalis muscle temperatures of 30 degrees C, 33 degrees C, 34.5 degrees C and 36.5 degrees C (n = 10, 8, 10, and 13, respectively). The animals were(More)
OBJECTIVE Generalized disruption of arterial wall morphological changes in patients harboring cerebral aneurysms has been documented; however, little is known regarding the pathogenesis of these changes. To explore the role of the elastolytic gelatinase, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), levels of this enzyme in the wall of intracranial aneurysms were(More)
OBJECT Although upregulated adhesion molecule expression has been demonstrated in experimental models of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with aneurysmal SAH, the clinical significance of these proinflammatory findings remains unclear. The authors hypothesize that 1) serum levels of soluble intercellular adhesion(More)
OBJECTIVE Because hypothermia enhances human tolerance for cerebral ischemia, profound hypothermia is induced in many centers so that the circulation can be arrested while clips are applied to high-risk giant cerebral aneurysms. Brain temperature is measured directly with an intracerebral probe that avoids the uncertainty of surrogate monitoring. However,(More)
To investigate the cerebral hemodynamic changes associated with obliteration of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), we studied 26 patients undergoing total microsurgical AVM resection during isoflurane and N2/O2 anesthesia. Detectors were placed 5 to 6 cm from the margin of the lesion and in a homologous contralateral position. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was(More)
The surgical management of patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms continues to be controversial. The criteria for withholding treatment or choosing between endovascular embolization and conventional microsurgery are not well delineated. The present study analyzes the morbidity and mortality that can be expected with modern surgical management of(More)