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Human prostate cancer has the propensity to metastasize to the bone where reciprocal cellular interactions between prostate cancer and bone cells are known to occur. Osteopontin (OPN), a noncollagenous bone extracellular matrix, is a secreted adhesive glycoprotein with a functional RGD cell-binding domain that interacts with the alpha(v)beta3 cell surface(More)
Apoptosis and inhibition of mitosis are primary mechanisms mediating androgen ablation therapy-induced regression of prostate cancer (PCa). However, PCa readily becomes androgen independent, leading to fatal disease. Up-regulated growth and survival signaling is implicated in development of resistance to androgen ablation therapy. We are testing the(More)
Reciprocal interactions between tumor and stromal cells propel cancer progression and metastasis. A complete understanding of the complex contributions of the tumor stroma to cancer progression necessitates a careful examination of the extracellular matrix (ECM), which is largely synthesized and modulated by cancer-associated fibroblasts. This structurally(More)
Progression of prostate cancer ultimately results in a disease that is refractory to hormone ablation therapy but nevertheless continues to require the androgen receptor. Progression to hormone refractory disease is often correlated with overexpression of growth factors and receptors capable of establishing autocrine and/or paracrine growth-stimulatory(More)
Many of the alterations in the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis in prostatic disease have been associated with changes in the insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs), a multigene family of proteins that are thought to mediate the action of IGFs on target tissues. IGFBP-related protein 1 (rP1), also known as IGFBP-7 or mac25, is a recently(More)
Prostate cancer (PCa) is no exception to the multi-step process of metastasis. As PCa progresses, changes occur within the microenvironments of both the malignant cells and their targeted site of metastasis, enabling the necessary responses that result in successful translocation. The majority of patients with progressing prostate cancers develop skeletal(More)
Studies centered at the intersection of embryogenesis and carcinogenesis have identified striking parallels involving signaling pathways that modulate both developmental and neoplastic processes. In the prostate, reciprocal interactions between epithelium and stroma are known to influence neoplasia and also exert morphogenic effects via the urogenital sinus(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate cancer cells communicate reciprocally with the stromal cells surrounding them, inside the prostate, and after metastasis, within the bone. Each tissue secretes factors for interpretation by the other. One stromally-derived factor, Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF), was found twenty years ago to regulate invasion and growth of carcinoma(More)
The neuroendocrine status of prostatic adenocarcinomas is considered a prognostic indicator for development of aggressive, androgen-independent disease. Neuroendocrine-like cells are thought to function by providing growth and survival signals to surrounding tumor cells, particularly following androgen ablation therapy. To test this hypothesis directly,(More)
Chemistry and Pharmacology of Anticancer Drugs by David E Thurston has tackled a mountain of information that exists regarding the current state of cancer chemotherapy. The sheer volume of information published on both cancer and chemother-apeutics is frequently discouraging to novice cancer researchers and often turns them away from investigations on the(More)