Robert A. Scott

Learn More
BACKGROUND Opposing views have been published on the importance of ultrasound screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms. The Multicentre Aneurysm Screening Study was designed to assess whether or not such screening is beneficial. METHODS A population-based sample of men (n=67800) aged 65-74 years was enrolled, and each individual randomly allocated to(More)
BACKGROUND Evolocumab, a monoclonal antibody that inhibits proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9), significantly reduced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels in short-term studies. We conducted two extension studies to obtain longer-term data. METHODS In two open-label, randomized trials, we enrolled 4465 patients who had(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies have described many loci implicated in type 2 diabetes (T2D) pathophysiology and β-cell dysfunction but have contributed little to the understanding of the genetic basis of insulin resistance. We hypothesized that genes implicated in insulin resistance pathways might be uncovered by accounting for differences in body(More)
The genus Flaveria shows evidence of evolution in the mechanism of photosynthesis as its 21 species include C(3), C(3)-C(4), C(4)-like, and C(4) plants. In this study, several physiological and biochemical parameters of photosynthesis and photorespiration were measured in 18 Flaveria species representing all the photosynthetic types. The 10 species(More)
In attempts to develop a method of introducing DNA into Pyrococcus furiosus, we discovered a variant within the wild-type population that is naturally and efficiently competent for DNA uptake. A pyrF gene deletion mutant was constructed in the genome, and the combined transformation and recombination frequencies of this strain allowed marker replacement by(More)
Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of overall adiposity. To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, here we conduct genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip(More)
Kenyan athletes have dominated international distance running in recent years. Explanations for their success include favourable physiological characteristics, which could include favourable genetic endowment, and advantageous environmental conditions. The aim of this study was to compare the demographic characteristics of elite Kenyan runners with those of(More)
Through genome-wide association meta-analyses of up to 133,010 individuals of European ancestry without diabetes, including individuals newly genotyped using the Metabochip, we have increased the number of confirmed loci influencing glycemic traits to 53, of which 33 also increase type 2 diabetes risk (q < 0.05). Loci influencing fasting insulin(More)
From family medical practices 15775 men and women aged 65-80 years were identified and randomized into two groups: one group was invited for ultrasonographic screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and the other acted as age- and sex-matched controls. Of the 7887 invited for screening 5394 (68.4 per cent) accepted. AAA was detected in 218 (4.0 per(More)
BACKGROUND The FTO gene harbors the strongest known susceptibility locus for obesity. While many individual studies have suggested that physical activity (PA) may attenuate the effect of FTO on obesity risk, other studies have not been able to confirm this interaction. To confirm or refute unambiguously whether PA attenuates the association of FTO with(More)