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OBJECTIVE To more fully define the influence of COPD in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS One hundred ninety-one patients with COPD underwent CABG from March 1, 1995, to June 21, 1996. There were 129 male and 62 female patients. The mean age was 69 years (45 to 86 years). Patients with COPD were defined according to the(More)
A patient is described with proximal diabetic neuropathy presenting with respiratory weakness. A 50 year old man developed progressive shortness of breath over 2 months. He also had weakness of hip flexion. Phrenic nerve responses were absent, and spontaneous activity was seen in the intercostal and lumbar paraspinal muscles with long duration neurogenic(More)
Small-bore Silastic feeding tubes are being used with increasing frequency for short- and long-term enteral hyperalimentation. We present three cases where these flexible tubes were passed into the tracheobronchial tree and then out into the pleural space. The result in each case was a pneumothorax or hydropneumothorax. These cases were collected at one(More)
The reactive airway dysfunction syndrome (RADS) is a recently described syndrome in which bronchial hyperreactivity and asthmatic symptoms develop in previously healthy individuals after a single large exposure to an irritating gas, fume, or vapor. We report a cluster of three Philadelphia police officers who developed RADS after a common exposure to toxic(More)
The traditional extracorporeal membrane oxygenation circuit uses a centrifugal pump. These pumps require close monitoring and are subject to complications. In addition, they do not take advantage of the potential benefits of pulsatile flow. These extracorporeal membrane oxygenation circuits use a single pump with an inline oxygenator. If cardiac failure(More)
Angiosarcoma has been reported as occurring in both postirradiation and postradical mastectomy patients. Described is a patient, postmastectomy and irradiation, with alveolar hemorrhage secondary to angiosarcoma. Angiosarcoma, primary or metastatic to lung, should be included in the differential diagnosis of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage in this patient(More)
585 component(s) ofthe 'urea formaldehyde resin system, " rather than " urea formaldehyde " per se, might be implicated in the patho-genesis. asthma and asthmatic bronchitis deterined by simple chemicals. Administration To the Editor: We read with interest the selected report of ARDS following administration of lidocaine by Howard and associates 81:644-45).(More)
A patient is described in whom clinical presentation, V/Q scan, and pulmonary angiogram were consistent with pulmonary embolus. No improvement occurred despite therapy with heparin. When sent for surgical embolectomy, sarcoma of the pulmonary artery was diagnosed. This entity, though rare, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary(More)
Granular cell myoblastomas of the trachea and right upper lobe bronchus were discovered incidentally during therapeutic bronchoscopy. Because of their propensity to cause airway compromise and distal atelectasis, ablation of both lesions was undertaken. This is the first reported case of bipolar cautery of GCM through a flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope.(More)