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Doppler and range measurements to the Mars Pathfinder lander made using its radio communications system have been combined with similar measurements from the Viking landers to estimate improved values of the precession of Mars' pole of rotation and the variation in Mars' rotation rate. The observed precession of -7576 +/- 35 milliarc seconds of angle per(More)
Yeast vacuolar acidification-defective (vph) mutants were identified using the pH-sensitive fluorescence of 6-carboxyfluorescein diacetate (Preston, R. A., Murphy, R. F., and Jones, E. W. (1989) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86, 7027-7031). Vacuoles purified from yeast bearing the vph1-1 mutation had no detectable bafilomycin-sensitive ATPase activity or(More)
have to account for this observation. The realization of a variation in Fe/Si ratio among the terrestrial planets will also alter the details of our models of martian mantle chemistry and core formation scenarios. Models of core formation in the terrestrial planets cannot assume bulk C1 siderophile element abundances.sure Research. We are grateful to G.(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae PEP3 gene was cloned from a wild-type genomic library by complementation of the carboxypeptidase Y deficiency in a pep3-12 strain. Subclone complementation results localized the PEP3 gene to a 3.8-kb DNA fragment. The DNA sequence of the fragment was determined; a 2,754-bp open reading frame predicts that the PEP3 gene product(More)
Simulation studies for an area of rainforest in north Queensland indicate that selection harvesting can provide a viable timber harvest in perpetuity. Rainforests are complex in terms of species composition, tree age and size distribution, and topography. Efficient inventory procedures to overcome these special difficulties are described. The growth model(More)
Concurrent with Riezman's report (Riezman, H. 1985, Cell. 40:1001-1009) that fluid-phase endocytosis of the small molecule Lucifer yellow occurs in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Makarow (Makarow, M. 1985. EMBO [Eur. Mol. Biol. Organ.] J. 4:1861-1866) reported the endocytotic uptake of 70-kD FITC-dextran (FD) and its subsequent compartmentation into(More)
One of Titan's most intriguing attributes is its copious but featureless atmosphere. The Voyager 1 fly-by and occultation in 1980 provided the first radial survey of Titan's atmospheric pressure and temperature and evidence for the presence of strong zonal winds. It was realized that the motion of an atmospheric probe could be used to study the winds, which(More)
The VEGA balloons made in situ measurements of pressure, temperature, vertical wind velocity, ambient light, frequency of lightning, and cloud particle backscatter. Both balloons encountered highly variable atmospheric conditions, with periods of intense vertical winds occurring sporadically throughout their flights. Downward winds as large as 3.5 meters(More)
Mutations that cause loss of acidity in the vacuole (lysosome) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were identified by screening colonies labeled with the fluorescent, pH-sensitive, vacuolar labeling agent, 6-carboxyfluorescein. Thirty nine vacuolar pH (Vph-) mutants were identified. Four of these contained mutant alleles of the previously described PEP3, PEP5, PEP6(More)