Robert A. Owe-Young

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1. We have identified the P2 receptors mediating vasomotor responses in the rabbit pulmonary artery. 2. Neither ATP nor UTP contracted intact or endothelium-denuded rings. However, both relaxed intact rings of rabbit pulmonary artery that had been preconstricted with phenylephrine (pD2 5.2 and 5.6, respectively). 3. The vasodilator effect of UTP was(More)
The catabolic pathway of l-tryptophan (l-trp), known as the kynurenine pathway (KP), has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a wide range of brain diseases through its ability to lead to immune tolerance and neurotoxicity. As endothelial cells (ECs) and pericytes of the blood-brain-barrier (BBB) are among the first brain-associated cells that a(More)
To determine whether endothelin-1 (ET-1) contributes to hypertension associated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) usage in healthy, elderly, normotensive individuals a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of indomethacin was undertaken in 41 healthy, elderly individuals with stable normotension or controlled(More)
1. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of papaverine-HCl, administered into the lumen of the human internal mammary artery (IMA) during harvesting of this vessel, on vascular reactivity in vitro and to specifically test the hypothesis that intraluminal administration of papaverine-HCl impairs endothelium-dependent vasodilation. 2.(More)
1. We confirmed that endothelium-independent contraction of the rabbit pulmonary artery (RPA) is mediated through both an endothelin A (ET(A)R) and endothelin B (ET(B2)R) receptor. 2. The response of endothelium-denuded RPA rings to endothelin-1 (ET-1, pD2 = 7.84 +/- 0.03) was only partially inhibited by BQ123 (10 microM), an ET(A)R antagonist. 3.(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the utility of diagnostic assays based on recombinant SS.B/La (rSS.B). Using this antigen, we have developed an ELISA and an immunoblot and compared these recombinant antigen-based assays with traditional thymus extract-based counterimmunoelectrophoresis (CIEP). Using the recombinant ELISA, the incidence of anti-SS.B in(More)
The endothelin B receptor (ETB) is an endothelial cell receptor found in caveolae. Studies with GFP-tagged ETB have suggested that the protein is constitutively endocytosed and targeted to lysosomes where it is rapidly degraded. We report that iodinated endothelin-1 ligand (ET-1) is taken up by cells transfected with ETB and remains undegraded for at least(More)
Interactions between vascular endothelial cells and blood platelets have been investigated using a model microcirculation consisting of microcarrier beads colonized with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and perfused with washed platelet suspensions. To simulate the effects of endothelial desquamation and exposure of subendothelium, fibrillar(More)
Arachidonate metabolism in bronchial mucosa was investigated. Bronchial biopsies from four asthmatics and three non-asthmatic controls were challenged with 300, 465, 650 and 960 mOsm/kg saline in the presence of [3H]arachidonate. Supernatants were analysed by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The major arachidonate metabolite was(More)
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