Robert A. Levine

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The human genome holds an extraordinary trove of information about human development, physiology, medicine and evolution. Here we report the results of an international collaboration to produce and make freely available a draft sequence of the human genome. We also present an initial analysis of the data, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned(More)
A report from the American Society of Echocardiography’s Nomenclature and Standards Committee and The Task Force on Valvular Regurgitation, developed in conjunction with the American College of Cardiology Echocardiography Committee, The Cardiac Imaging Committee Council on Clinical Cardiology, the American Heart Association, and the European Society of(More)
Tinnitus, the perception of sound in the absence of external stimuli, is a common and often disturbing symptom that is not understood physiologically. This paper presents an approach for using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the physiology of tinnitus and demonstrates that the approach is effective in revealing tinnitus-related(More)
PURPOSE Vasomotor symptoms are common adverse effects of antiestrogen hormone treatment in conventional breast cancer care. Hormone replacement therapy is contraindicated in patients with breast cancer. Venlafaxine (Effexor), the therapy of choice for these symptoms, has numerous adverse effects. Recent studies suggest acupuncture may be effective in(More)
Phantom sensations and sensory hypersensitivity are disordered perceptions that characterize a variety of intractable conditions involving the somatosensory, visual, and auditory modalities. We report physiological correlates of two perceptual abnormalities in the auditory domain: tinnitus, the phantom perception of sound, and hyperacusis, a decreased(More)
Binaural interaction in the short-latency averaged auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) can be assessed from the binaural difference waveform (BD). The BD is derived by computing the difference between the AEP evoked by simultaneous clicks from both earphones and the sum of two other AEPs: one evoked by clicks from the right earphone alone and the other evoked(More)
PURPOSE Of all nonauditory sensory systems, only the somatosensory system seems to be related to tinnitus (eg, temporomandibular joint syndrome and whiplash). The purpose of this study is to describe the distinguishing characteristics of tinnitus associated with somatic events and to use these characteristics to develop a neurological model of somatic(More)
The changes in perception and in the binaural difference waveform (BD) for dichotic clicks with interaural time and level differences (ITDs and ILDs) are compared. Only beta, the first major peak of the BD, correlated with the perceptual measurements. Whenever beta is clearly present, the clicks are perceived as a unitary fused image. Whenever the clicks(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated elevated spontaneous and sound-evoked brainstem activity in animal models of tinnitus, but data on brainstem function in people with this common clinical condition are sparse. Here, auditory nerve and brainstem function in response to sound was assessed via auditory brainstem responses (ABR) in humans with tinnitus and(More)