Robert A. Lazzarini

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The DNA sequence between position +36 and -1907 of the murine myelin basic protein gene contains the enhancer and promoter elements necessary for abundant and cell specific expression in transgenic mice. Surprisingly, the pattern of expression promoted by this DNA fragment is a subset of that exhibited by the endogenous myelin basic protein (MBP) gene.(More)
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) is a dysmyelinating disease resulting from mutations, deletions, or duplications of the proteolipid protein (PLP) gene. Distinguishing features of PMD include pleiotropy and a range of disease severities among patients. Previously, we demonstrated that, when expressed in transfected fibroblasts, many naturally occurring(More)
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) is a leukodystrophy linked to the proteolipid protein gene (PLP). We report a cellular basis for the distinction between two disease subtypes, classical and connatal, based on protein trafficking of the two PLP gene products (PLP and DM20). Classical PMD mutations correlate with accumulation of PLP in the ER of transfected(More)
qkI, a newly cloned gene lying immediately proximal to the deletion in the quakingviable mutation, is transcribed into three messages of 5, 6, and 7 kb. Antibodies raised to the unique carboxy peptides of the resulting QKI proteins reveal that, in the nervous system, all three QKI proteins are expressed strongly in myelin-forming cells and also in(More)
Oligodendrocyte-specific protein (OSP)/claudin-11 is a recently identified transmembrane protein found in CNS myelin and testis with unknown function. Herein we demonstrate that Osp null mice exhibit both neurological and reproductive deficits: CNS nerve conduction is slowed, hindlimb weakness is conspicuous, and males are sterile. Freeze fracture reveals(More)
Trophoblast cells of the placenta are established at the blastocyst stage and differentiate into specialized subtypes after implantation. In mice, the outer layer of the placenta consists of trophoblast giant cells that invade the uterus and promote maternal blood flow to the implantation site by producing cytokines with angiogenic and vasodilatory actions.(More)
We have isolated cDNA clones encoding the four different forms of mouse myelin basic protein (MBP) and have analyzed the structure of the MBP gene. The three larger forms of MBP differ from the smallest by the inclusion of either or both of two short amino acid sequences at positions 57 and 124 of the smallest protein. The mouse genome contains a single MBP(More)
Neurofilaments (NFs) are prominent components of large myelinated axons. Previous studies have suggested that NF number as well as the phosphorylation state of the COOH-terminal tail of the heavy neurofilament (NF-H) subunit are major determinants of axonal caliber. We created NF-H knockout mice to assess the contribution of NF-H to the development of axon(More)
Genomic clones for the largest human neurofilament protein (NF-H) were isolated, the intron/exon boundaries mapped and the entire protein-coding regions (exons) sequenced. The predicted protein contains a central region that obeys the structural criteria identified for alpha-helical 'rod' domains typically present in all IF protein components: it is(More)
The proteolipid protein gene products DM-20 and PLP are adhesive intrinsic membrane proteins that make up >/=50% of the protein in myelin and serve to stabilize compact myelin sheaths at the extracellular surfaces of apposed membrane lamellae. To identify which domains of DM-20 and PLP are positioned topologically in the extracellular space to participate(More)