Learn More
The authors evaluated images obtained with a prototypic thermoacoustic computed tomographic (CT) scanner constructed for use at 434 MHz, a promising radio frequency for detecting breast cancer. In one excised porcine kidney, acoustic energy emanating from the kidney was detected with transducers. The resultant electric signals were used to create a(More)
We have constructed a thermoacoustic computed tomography scanner for imaging soft tissue in the human body. Thermoacoustic signals are induced in soft tissue by irradiation with 434 MHz rf energy. The thermoacoustic signals are detected by an array of transducers mounted on a hemispherical bowl. A three-dimensional, filtered backprojection algorithm is used(More)
We have designed, constructed, and tested a thermoacoustic computed tomography (TCT) scanner for imaging optical absorption in small animals in three dimensions. The device utilizes pulsed laser irradiation (680-1064 nm) and a unique, 128-element transducer array. We quantified the isotropic spatial resolution of this scanner to be 0.35 mm. We describe a(More)
The authors performed thermoacoustic computed tomography (CT) with 434-MHz radio waves in five patients with documented breast cancer. Three of the patients underwent imaging before chemotherapy was initiated and two at the conclusion of their primary chemotherapy. In the former three patients, thermoacoustic CT demonstrated contrast enhancement in the(More)
The use of a convolution-filtering method to estimate the scatter distribution in images acquired with a digital subtraction angiography (DSA) imaging system has been studied. Investigation of more than 175 convolution kernels applied to images of anthropomorphic head, chest, and pelvic phantoms using 15-, 25-, and 36-cm fields of view (digitized onto a 512(More)
In this paper we deal with two types of spiral scanners; one is a single-slice spiral scanner, while the other employs dual-slice technology into spiral scanning. Physical performance parameters, including image noise, contrast resolution, spatial resolution (transversal and longitudinal), and radiation exposure are measured. Computer simulations based on(More)
The theoretical underpinnings of photoacoustic ultrasound (PAUS) reconstruction tomography are presented. A formal relationship between PAUS signals and the heterogeneous distribution of optical absorption within the object being investigated is developed. Based on this theory, a reconstruction approach, analogous to that used in x-ray computed tomography,(More)
A new computerized fluoroscopy technique for isolating low image contrast, which results during the flow of an intravenously administered bolus of iodinated contrast materials, is proposed. The technique requires the application of one of a family of imaging algorithms which have been designed to isolate time varying image contrast. This family of imaging(More)
Transmission images through a highly scattering medium have been obtained using picosecond pulses of visible light. The imaging method involves recording and discriminating between the times-of-flight of photons that penetrate th medium and using a fraction of the light with the shortest travel times to construct an image. The technique is being developed(More)
A method of improving a planar image in limited angle tomography by removing blurred image information from selected out-of-focus planes is discussed. Focused tomosynthesized images rather than individual projections are used. The necessary equations for removing the information from either two or four adjacent planes, produced with a symmetrical, but(More)