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Metabolomics studies hold promise for the discovery of pathways linked to disease processes. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents the leading cause of death and morbidity worldwide. Here we used a metabolomics approach to generate unbiased small-molecule metabolic profiles in plasma that predict risk for CVD. Three metabolites of the dietary lipid(More)
Intestinal microbiota metabolism of choline and phosphatidylcholine produces trimethylamine (TMA), which is further metabolized to a proatherogenic species, trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO). We demonstrate here that metabolism by intestinal microbiota of dietary L-carnitine, a trimethylamine abundant in red meat, also produces TMAO and accelerates(More)
guT flora meTaBoliTe TrimeThylamine n-oxide predicTs incidenT cardiovascular risks in BoTh sTaBle non-diaBeTics and diaBeTic suBjecTs Background: Recent animal studies show a mechanistic link between intestinal microbial metabolism of dietary phosphatidylcholine and coronary artery disease (CAD) pathogenesis. Levels of the pro-atherosclerotic metabolite(More)
Origin, course and influx-vessels of the basal vein are investigated on 100 brains. An anterior formation of the basal vein (textbook) was found in 41%, a posterior formation in 34%. The different possibilities of drainage are examined procentually at the different types. Course and number of the different variations of the influx-vessels are taken into(More)
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