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This paper describes version 2 of the Festival speech synthesis system. Festival 2 provides a development environment for concatenative speech synthesis, and now includes a general purpose unit selection speech synthesis engine. We discuss various aspects of unit selection speech synthesis , focusing on the research issues that relate to voice design and(More)
We present the implementation and evaluation of an open-domain unit selection speech synthesis engine designed to be flexible enough to encourage further unit selection research and allow rapid voice development by users with minimal speech synthesis knowledge and experience. We address the issues of automatically processing speech data into a usable voice(More)
Combilex is a high quality pronunciation lexicon, aimed at speech technology applications, that has recently been released by CSTR. Combilex benefits from several advanced features. This paper evaluates one of these: the explicit alignment of phones to graphemes in a word. This alignment can help to rapidly develop robust and accurate letter-to-sound (LTS)(More)
Current unit selection speech synthesis voices cannot produce emphasis or interrogative contours because of a lack of the necessary prosodic variation in the recorded speech database. A method of recording script design is proposed which addresses this shortcoming. Appropriate components were added to the target cost function of the Festival Multisyn(More)
Combilex is a high quality lexicon that has been developed specifically for speech technology purposes and recently released by CSTR. Combilex benefits from many advanced features. This paper explores one of these: the ability to generate fully-specified transcriptions for morphologically derived words automatically. This functionality was originally(More)
Unit selection speech synthesis has reached high levels of naturalness and intelligibility for neutral read aloud speech. However, synthetic speech generated using neutral read aloud data lacks all the attitude, intention and spontaneity associated with everyday conversations. Unit selection is heavily data dependent and thus in order to simulate human(More)
We describe a Polish prosody modelling module for the Festival speech synthesis system. The module uses classification and regression trees for accent type prediction and a linear regression technique for F0 contour generation for these contours. The techniques used to attempt to overcome problems with the only available data are shown. We demonstrate how(More)
We describe the results of large scale perception experiments showing improvements in synthesising two distinct kinds of prominence: standard pitch-accent and strong emphatic accents. Previously prominence assignment has been mainly evaluated by computing accuracy on a prominence-labelled test set. By contrast we integrated an automatic pitch-accent(More)
Metastatic dissemination in prostate cancer is often early, but not all cancer cells form clinical metastases. Map kinase kinase 4 (MKK4) suppresses metastasis in a preclinical prostate cancer model. We hypothesize that MKK4 will specifically inhibit metastatic colonization through impaired proliferation. Three highly metastatic rat prostate cancer cell(More)