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PURPOSE To evaluate risk factors for definite open-angle glaucoma (OAG), based on African-descent participants of the Barbados Eye Studies. DESIGN Cohort study with 81% to 85% participation over 9 years' follow-up. PARTICIPANTS We evaluated 3222 persons at risk, 40 to 84 years old, who did not have definite OAG at baseline. METHODS Participants had(More)
A comparison of hip fracture rates among nine countries (Canada, Chile, Finland, Hong Kong, Scotland, Sweden, Switzerland, the United States and Venezuela) was made using national hospital discharge data for the same time interval. The rates increased by age and were higher for females than males in all nine countries. When based on overall discharge rates,(More)
PURPOSE To present long-term results of eyes with penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and glaucoma tube implant. DESIGN Retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS We retrospectively reviewed medical records of all patients who underwent both PK and glaucoma tube implant (Baerveldt or Ahmed) at the University of Iowa between July(More)
Diseases and medications associated with the occurrence of falls leading to medical treatment in elderly Finns (65 yrs or older) during a one-year period are presented. The design was that of a case-control study involving 380 fallers seeking medical treatment and 342 unmatched controls selected randomly from the population register. The occurrence of a(More)
Barbiturates reduce cerebral blood flow, metabolism, and Glc transfer across the blood-brain barrier. The effect of barbiturates on hexose transport in cultured mammalian cell lines and human erythrocytes was studied. Pentobarbital inhibits [3H]-2-dGlc uptake in 3T3-C2 murine fibroblasts by approximately 95% and approximately 50% at 10 and 0.5 mM,(More)
Antibody to the carboxyl-terminal of hexose transporter protein GLUT-1 was used to localize this carrier in normal rat kidney (NRK) cells during D-glucose (Glc) deprivation. Glc-deprivation of NRK cells induces increased hexose transport, inhibits the glycosylation of GLUT-1, and increases the content of both native, 55,000 apparent mol wt (Mr) and aglyco,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the role of baseline intraocular pressure (b-IOP) as a risk factor for incident open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in participants of African origin from the Barbados Eye Studies. DESIGN Population-based 9-year cohort study. PARTICIPANTS Three thousand two hundred twenty-two persons examined during the study period who were free of glaucoma(More)
  • R Honkanen
  • 1977
Clinical detection of alcohol involvement (AI) and its recording (ethyl sign) in accident patients was evaluated by comparing the ethyl signs with blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) in 1012 injury victims. Of the 337 BAC-positive cases 50% had a positive ethyl sign, while an additional 13% had some reference to alcohol in their patient notes. Thus, the(More)
Data from analysis of bicycle injuries in a defined, semirural Finnish population were compared with the national hospital discharge register and official police statistics and were related to national data on prevalence of bicycling. The results suggested an incidence of 7.3 injured persons/1000 population, which was 20-fold the figure derived from the(More)
The incidence of falling injuries leading to medical treatment was described by sex, age, marital status, education, amount of daily motion, self-perceived health, mechanism of fall and severity of injury. Material was collected regarding persons aged 65 years or over seeking medical treatment due to a fall during a period of one year. Altogether 3.8% of(More)