Learn More
A heptadecapeptide was identified and purified from porcine brain tissue as a ligand for an orphan heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein (G protein)-coupled receptor (LC132) that is similar in sequence to opioid receptors. This peptide, orphanin FQ, has a primary structure reminiscent of that of opioid peptides. Nanomolar concentrations of orphanin FQ(More)
An aspartate residue corresponding to aspartate-80 of dopamine D2 receptors is strictly conserved among receptors that couple to guanine nucleotide-binding proteins. Mutation of this residue alters the function of several classes of neurotransmitter receptors. Dopamine D2 receptors couple to the guanine nucleotide-binding protein Gi to inhibit adenylyl(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Purinoceptors containing the P2X3 subunit (P2X3 homotrimeric and P2X2/3 heterotrimeric) are members of the P2X family of ion channels gated by ATP and may participate in primary afferent sensitization in a variety of pain-related diseases. The current work describes the in vitro pharmacological characteristics of AF-353, a novel,(More)
A human dopamine transporter cDNA was cloned and transfected into COS-7 cells, a cell line that lacks vesicular storage and release mechanisms. Cells expressing the dopamine transporter acquired the capacity to take up and release dopamine via the transporter. Ionic conditions that stimulate inside-out transport in vivo, such as depolarizing concentrations(More)
The heptadecapeptide orphanin FQ (OFQ) is a recently discovered neuropeptide that exhibits structural features reminiscent of the opioid peptides and that is an endogenous ligand to a G protein-coupled receptor sequentially related to the opioid receptors. We have cloned both the human and rat cDNAs encoding the OFQ precursor proteins, to investigate(More)
Four dopamine D2 receptor mutants were constructed, in each of which an alanine residue was substituted for one of four conserved serine residues, i.e., Ser-193, Ser-194, Ser-197, and Ser-391. Wild-type and mutant receptors were expressed transiently in COS-7 cells and stably in C6 glioma cells for analysis of ligand-receptor interactions. In radioligand(More)
Strict pharmacological selectivity in families of structurally related ligands and receptors may result from a key process in evolution aiming at increasing diversity in neurotransmission. An intriguing example of such exclusive specificity can be found in the newly discovered orphanin FQ (OFQ) system when it is compared with the opioid system. Both OFQ and(More)
The heptadecapeptide orphanin FQ (OFQ) has been identified as the endogenous ligand for a G protein-coupled receptor (OFQ-R), which, despite its high degree of sequence similarity to opioid receptors, fails to bind opioid ligands. We developed two radioligands for the OFQ-R: a tritiated native OFQ peptide ([3H]OFQ) and a radioiodinated form in which Leu14(More)
Multiple genetic polymorphisms of the human dopamine D4 receptor (hD4R) have been identified including a 12 bp repeat in exon 1 associated with a psychotic condition called delusional disorder. Competition binding assays revealed minor pharmacological differences between the recombinant A1 (normal) and A2 (delusional) proteins with respect to quinpirole and(More)
Although several antidepressants (including fluoxetine, imipramine, citalopram, venlafaxine, and duloxetine) are known to inhibit the serotonin transporter (SERT), whether or not these molecules compete with 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) (5-HT) for binding to SERT has remained controversial. We have performed radioligand competition binding experiments(More)