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Two types of image similarity measures, the sum of absolute differences (SAD) and the stochastic sign change (SSC), were compared for three-dimensional registration of images from PET. To test the accuracy of both registration methods, 30 FDG brain studies, 40 13N-ammonia cardiac studies and 20 FDG liver tumor studies (where each image set contained 15(More)
The addition of a cerebral blood volume (CBV) compartment in the [18F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) model produces estimates of local CBV simultaneously with glucose metabolic rates when kinetic FDG studies are performed. We investigated the influence of this term upon CMRglc values in a series of brain tumor patients and found that significant(More)
Patients with Alzheimer's disease and multi-infarct dementia were studied with scans using fluorodeoxyglucose tagged with fluorine 18. The rates of glucose metabolism were calculated. Patients with Alzheimer's dementia showed decreased metabolism in all areas of the brain but with preferential sparing of the primary motor and sensory cortex. Patients with(More)
BACKGROUND In Parkinson disease (PD), the benefit of levodopa therapy becomes less marked over time, perhaps because degeneration of nigrostrial neurons causes progressive loss of aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC), the enzyme that converts levodopa into dopamine. In a primate model of PD, intrastriatal infusion of an adeno-associated viral type 2(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), hippocampal volumetry (HV), T2 relaxometry, and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H-MRSI) in the presurgical neuroimaging lateralization of patients with nonlesional, electroencephalogram (EEG)-defined unilateral temporal lobe(More)
BACKGROUND The appearance of decreased 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) uptake in the mesial temporal region in temporal lobe epilepsy may simply reflect loss of gray matter due to hippocampal atrophy. Increased partial volume effects due to atrophic hippocampi may further increase appearance of hypometabolism. METHODS The authors used a(More)
When the fluorine-18-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose (18FDG) scan was applied to 40 normal volunteer subjects aged 18 to 78 years, mean local cerebral metabolic rate for glucose ( lCMRGlu ) declined with advancing age at a faster rate than was reported for mean local cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen. Slopes of decline with age were similar in the centrum(More)
The results of a receiver operator characteristic (ROC) study comparing maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) reconstructions of human FDG PET brain scan data to filtered backprojection reconstructions of the same data are reported. The purpose of the study was to determine whether MLE reconstructions would result in higher detectability of small focal lesions(More)
Four patients with Wilson's disease and eight normal controls were studied with 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) and positron emission tomography (PET). The patients had diffusely reduced glucose metabolism in all brain regions evaluated compared with controls, with the exception of the thalamus. The ratio of the cerebral metabolic rate for glucose in(More)
Dopamine D2-receptor density in striatum of monkey was measured with 3-(2'-[18F]fluoroethyl)spiperone (FESP) and dynamic positron emission tomography (PET), using a double-injection technique. A first bolus of high specific activity (SA) FESP (5 mCi; approximately equal to 1 Ci/mumol) was injected i.v.; 90 min later, a second bolus of lower SA FESP (5 mCi;(More)