Robert A. Governal

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The persistence of bacteriophages MS-2 and PRD-1 was evaluated in tap water, in reverse osmosis (RO) permeate, and in three locations within an ultrapure water system; ultrapure samples included pre- and post-UV sterilization and post-mixed bed ion exchange tank. The inactivation rates for MS-2 were calculated as log10 reduction per hour and per day: k = −(More)
Presently, tryptic soy agar (TSA) medium is used in the semiconductor industry to determine the concentration of viable oligotrophic bacteria in ultra-pure water systems. Deionized water from an ultra-pure water pilot plant was evaluated for bacterial growth at specific locations, using a non-selective medium (R2A) designed to detect injured heterotrophic(More)
Viruses must be removed from the ultrapure water environment, as they have the potential to deposit on microelectronic devices and generate killer defects. Controlled and well-defined challenges by MS-2 and PRD-1 bacteriophages were treated in a pilot-scale ultrapure water system using ultraviolet radiation (UV), ozone, mixed bed ion exchange adsorption,(More)
Bacterial growth potential was measured in an ultrapure-water pilot plant by modified assimilable organic carbon (AOC) and UV-oxidizable carbon tests. An ion-exchange unit increased UV-oxidizable carbon, yet did not significantly (P greater than or equal to 0.05) alter AOC values. UV radiation decreased UV-oxidizable carbon and increased AOC.
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