Robert A. Goodlad

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BACKGROUND The histogenesis of human colorectal hyperplastic polyps and colorectal adenomas is poorly understood even now. METHOD Human colorectal adenomas, hyperplastic polyps, and normal colorectal mucosae (patients with familial adenomatous polyposis and hereditary non-polyposis colorectal carcinoma were excluded) were obtained during colonoscopy and(More)
The adenoma:carcinoma sequence is well established. Understanding the molecular pathology of the adenoma is therefore important. There is great controversy within the field. The Vogelstein group champions the "top-down" theory (colorectal adenomas arise and grow across the mucosal surface and down into the crypts), whereas other studies, including our own,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We previously demonstrated that the 2 APC mutations in human colorectal tumors are coselected, because tumorigenesis requires an optimal level of Wnt signaling. We and others subsequently showed that the truncated APC proteins in colorectal tumors usually retain a total of 1-2 beta-catenin binding/degradation repeats (20AARs); very few(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to determine changes in crypt cell proliferation and glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) in rodents and man after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Roux-en-Y gastric bypass results in sustained weight loss and reduced appetite with only mild gastrointestinal side effects. Glucagon-like peptide-2 released from(More)
Pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI) is a serine protease inhibitor, expressed in gut mucosa, whose function is unclear. We, therefore, examined the effects of PSTI on gut stability and repair. Transgenic mice overexpressing human PSTI within the jejunum (FABPi(-1178 to +28) hPSTI construct) showed no change in baseline morphology or morphometry(More)
Increased mucosal expression of TF, the Thomsen-Friedenreich oncofetal blood group antigen (galactose beta1-3 N-acetylgalactosamine alpha-) occurs in colon cancer and colitis. This allows binding of TF-specific lectins, such as peanut agglutinin (PNA), which is mitogenic to the colorectal epithelium. To identify the cell surface TF-expressing(More)
The Apc(Min/+) mouse model is a clinically relevant model of early intestinal cancer. We used AZD2171, an oral, highly potent and selective vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling inhibitor, to investigate the role of VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) signaling in adenoma development and growth in Apc(Min/+) mice. AZD2171 (5 mg/kg body wt/day) was(More)
Refeeding starved rats with an elemental diet resulted in a marked increase in crypt cell production rate (CCPR) in the proximal small intestine but not in the distal regions of the gut. Little effect on CCPR was noted when inert bulk (kaolin) was added to the elemental diet. Addition of a poorly fermentable dietary fibre (purified wood cellulose) had(More)
In the small intestine and colon, administration of mutagens leads to the emergence of crypts populated by cells with a different, mutated phenotype. This is preceded by a transient rise in the frequency of crypts with a partially mutated phenotype, and the disappearance of these partially mutated crypts occurs contemporaneously with the attainment of a(More)
The mitotic index of the ruminal epithelium increased rapidly when the diet of sheep was changed from one based on roughage to a concentrate-based diet. After several days the mitotic index declined to a new level which was slightly higher than that observed initially. Autoradiography of sections of rumen epithelium was used to construct percent labelled(More)