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BACKGROUND & AIMS This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of adalimumab, a fully human, anti-tumor necrosis factor monoclonal antibody administered subcutaneously, in the maintenance of response and remission in patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS Patients received open-label induction therapy with adalimumab 80 mg (week 0)(More)
OBJECTIVES From the Canadian Registry of patients with Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding and Endoscopy (RUGBE), we determined clinical outcomes and explored the roles of endoscopic and pharmacologic therapies in a contemporary real-life setting. METHODS Analysis of randomly selected patients endoscoped for nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding at 18(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Perforations during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are rare, and the management of these perforations is variable, with some patients requiring immediate surgery and others only conservative management. We reviewed all ERCP-related perforations at our institution to determine: a) their incidence; b) clinical(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Methotrexate and infliximab are effective therapies for Crohn's disease (CD). In the combination of maintenance methotrexate-infliximab trial, we evaluated the potential superiority of combination therapy over infliximab alone. METHODS In a 50-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we compared methotrexate and infliximab with(More)
BACKGROUND Adalimumab, a fully human tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonist, is an effective treatment for patients with Crohn disease who are naive to the chimeric TNF antagonist, infliximab. No anti-TNF agent has been evaluated prospectively in patients with Crohn disease who had responded to another anti-TNF agent and then lost that response or were(More)
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is a relatively new, noninvasive cholangiographic technique that is comparable with invasive endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the detection and characterization of extrahepatic bile duct abnormalities. The role of MRCP in evaluation of the intrahepatic bile ducts, especially in(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to provide updated explicit and relevant consensus statements for clinicians to refer to when managing hospitalized adult patients with acute severe ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology consensus group of 23 voting participants developed a series of recommendation(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosing pancreatic cancer by EUS-FNA is a potentially appealing alternative to percutaneous biopsy. AIM To compare EUS-FNA with CT or US-guided FNA for diagnosing pancreatic cancer. DESIGN Single center, prospective, randomized, cross-over. SETTING Duke University Medical Center. POPULATION Eighty-four patients referred with suspicious(More)
Systemic mastocytosis (SM) is a rare disease with abnormal proliferation and infiltration of mast cells in the skin, bone marrow, and viscera including the mucosal surfaces of the digestive tract. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms occur in 14%-85% of patients with systemic mastocytosis. The GI symptoms may be as frequent as the better known pruritus, urticaria(More)