Robert A. Enns

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of adalimumab in the healing of draining fistulas in patients with active Crohn's disease (CD). DESIGN A phase III, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled study with an open-label extension was conducted in 92 sites. PATIENTS A subgroup of adults with moderate to severely active CD (CD activity index(More)
4-Aminopyridine (4-AP) is an investigational drug for the treatment of neurologic disorders including multiple sclerosis (MS). Until recently, relatively little was known about 4-AP toxicity in overdose; the only recorded cases involved neurologic symptoms ranging from mild parasthesias to tonic-clonic seizures. We report a case of accidental 4-AP overdose(More)
One-, 2-. and 3-factor solutions for the WAIS-R normative samples were examined using principal components analysis with varimax rotations. Factors were examined across age groups by computing congruence coefficients and root mean square differences to determine the equivalence and consistency of factors across age groups. There is strong evidence for the(More)
BACKGROUND Prednisone and methylprednisolone are well absorbed orally and have lower treatment costs than IV methylprednisolone, but concern that low-dose corticosteroid may cause increased disease activity and that high oral doses may cause gastric ulceration inhibits use of oral therapy for MS attacks. METHODS Gastric mucosal injury, detected by(More)
AIM To evaluate the perspective of gastroenterologists regarding the impact of fecal calprotectin (FC) on the management of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS Patients with known IBD or symptoms suggestive of IBD for whom the physician identified that FC would be clinically useful were recruited. Physicians completed an online "pre(More)
Specialized endoscopic evaluation for patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) is well supported; however, no studies have shown that centers with expertise provide better quality care for BE with high-grade dysplasia or early adenocarcinoma. In this study, the investigators aimed to evaluate the management and clinical course for patients treated in a(More)
AIM To develop a prediction model aimed at identifying patients that may require higher than usual sedation doses during colonoscopy. METHODS A retrospective chart review on 5000 patients who underwent an outpatient colonoscopy at St. Paul's Hospital from 2009 to 2010 was conducted in order to develop a model for identifying patients who will require(More)
Objective. The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology Wait Time Consensus Group recommends that patients with symptoms associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) should have an endoscopic examination within 2 months. However, in a recent survey of Canadian gastroenterologists, wait-times for endoscopy were considerably longer than the current guidelines(More)
Background. Infliximab (IFX) therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) allows for objective decision making in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and loss of response. Questions remain about whether IFX TDM improves outcomes. Methods. Patients with IBD who had IFX TDM due to concerns for loss of response were considered for inclusion. Serum IFX trough(More)
Background. There is a high incidence of inconclusive cytopathology at initial EUS-FNA (endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration) for suspected malignant pancreatic lesions. To obtain appropriate preoperative or palliative chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer, definitive cytopathology is often required. The utility of repeat EUS-FNA is not well(More)