Robert A. Comley

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Clinical observations support a central role of the dopamine system in restless legs syndrome (RLS) but previous imaging studies of striatal dopamine D2-receptors have yielded inconclusive results. Extrastriatal dopaminergic function has hitherto not been investigated. Sixteen RLS patients naïve to dopaminergic drugs and sixteen matched control subjects(More)
INTRODUCTION Carbon-11-labelled positron emission tomography (PET) tracers commonly used in biomedical research expose subjects to ionising radiation. Dosimetry is the measurement of radiation dose, but also commonly refers to the estimation of health risk associated with ionising radiation. This review describes radiation dosimetry of carbon-11-labelled(More)
UNLABELLED The histamine H(3) receptor is implicated in the pathophysiology of several central nervous system disorders. N-methyl-6-(3-cyclobutyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-benzo[d]azepin-7-yloxy)-nicotamide (GSK189254) is a highly potent, selective, and brain-penetrant H(3) receptor antagonist. Previous studies in the pig using PET have shown that(More)
While emerging evidence suggests that neuroinflammation plays a crucial role in Alzheimer's disease, the impact of the microglia response in Alzheimer's disease remains a matter of debate. We aimed to study microglial activation in early Alzheimer's disease and its impact on clinical progression using a second-generation 18-kDa translocator protein positron(More)
BACKGROUND Dopamine D(3) receptors are involved in the pathophysiology of several neuropsychiatric conditions. [(11)C]-(+)-PHNO is a radiolabeled D(2) and D(3) agonist, suitable for imaging the agonist binding sites (denoted D(2HIGH) and D(3)) of these receptors with positron emission tomography (PET). PET studies in nonhuman primates documented that, in(More)
BACKGROUND Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disorder the pathophysiology of which is incompletely understood. Four studies have examined structural differences between the brains of RLS patients and healthy controls, using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). All 4 studies have provided different results. METHODS Optimized VBM was used to(More)
The D(2)/D(3) agonist radioligand [(11)C]-(+)-PHNO is currently the most suitable D(3) imaging agent available, despite its limited selectivity for the D(3) over the D(2). Given the collocation of D(2) and D(3) receptors, and generally higher densities of D(2), the separation of D(2) and D(3) information from [(11)C]-(+)-PHNO PET data are somewhat complex.(More)
18F-AV-1451 is currently the most widely used of several experimental tau PET tracers. The objective of this study was to evaluate 18F-AV-1451 binding with full kinetic analysis using a metabolite-corrected arterial input function and to compare parameters derived from kinetic analysis with SUV ratio (SUVR) calculated over different imaging time intervals.(More)
The selection of a therapeutically meaningful dose of a novel pharmaceutical is a crucial step in drug development. Positron emission tomography (PET) allows the in vivo estimation of the relationship between the plasma concentration of a drug and its target occupancy, optimizing dose selection and reducing the time and cost of early development. Triple(More)
UNLABELLED The development of a PET radioligand for imaging 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) 6 receptors in the brain would, for the first time, enable in vivo imaging of this target along with assessment of its involvement in disease pathophysiology. In addition, such a tool would assist in the development of novel drugs targeting the 5-HT6 receptor. METHODS(More)