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Prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke is known to produce lasting arousal, attentional and cognitive deficits in humans. The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN), as the cholinergic arm of the reticular activating system (RAS), is known to modulate arousal, waking and REM sleep. Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep decreases between 10 and 30 days postnatally in the(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary purpose of this investigation was to determine whether AS-3201, a new aldose reductase inhibitor, penetrates the sural nerve and inhibits sorbitol and fructose accumulation in patients with diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSP). An additional aim was to determine whether any changes in nerve function would manifest with AS-3201(More)
OBJECTIVE Aldose reductase inhibitors (ARIs) are potential disease modifiers for diabetes complications. We aimed to determine whether ranirestat, an ARI, could slow or reverse the course of diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSP). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 549 patients with DSP were randomly assigned to treatment with placebo or 10, 20,(More)
A 56-day pharmacokinetic study of zonisamide was conducted in 24 healthy volunteers. Steady state was achieved in 29 days including two dose escalations, and in an average of 15 days from the last dose adjustment. Twice-daily administration of 200 mg every 12 hours produced a 14% serum level fluctuation at steady state. After once-daily administration of(More)
Zonisamide (CI-912) is an experimental antiepileptic drug. Since this drug is to be evaluated initially as an add-on medication, an investigation was conducted to study its kinetics in the presence of two standard antiepileptic drugs. Patients in two groups, one on maintenance phenytoin (PHT) monotherapy and the other on maintenance carbamazepine (CBZ)(More)
Methsuximide (MSM; Celontin) was administered for 8 weeks to 26 patients with complex partial seizures (CPS) refractory to phenytoin and carbamazepine and phenobarbital or primidone. A 50% or greater reduction in CPS frequency was obtained in eight patients. MSM therapy was continued chronically in these eight patients, and five continued to have a 50% or(More)