Robert A. Brown

Learn More
During the past 20 years, it has become generally accepted that the modulation of fibroblastic cells towards the myofibroblastic phenotype, with acquisition of specialized contractile features, is essential for connective-tissue remodelling during normal and pathological wound healing. Yet the myofibroblast still remains one of the most enigmatic of cells,(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is one of 10 known diseases caused by a (CAG)(n) trinucleotide repeat expansion that is translated into an abnormally long polyglutamine tract. We have developed stable inducible neuronal (PC12) cell lines that express huntingtin exon 1 with varying CAG repeat lengths under doxycycline (dox) control. The expression of expanded(More)
Many soft connective tissues are under endogenous tension, and their resident cells generate considerable contractile forces on the extracellular matrix. The present work was aimed to determine quantitatively how fibroblasts, grown within three-dimensional collagen lattices, respond mechanically to precisely defined tensional loads. Forces generated in(More)
The contraction of a collagen lattice by resident fibroblasts causes strains to be developed within that lattice. These strains can be increased or decreased by altering the aspect ratio (ratio of length/width/thickness) of the fibroblast populated collagen lattice, as the cross-sectional area resisting the strain is changed and by the application of an(More)
Examining the frequency content of signals is critical in many applications, from neuroscience to astronomy. Many techniques have been proposed to accomplish this. One of these, the S-transform, provides simultaneous time and frequency information similar to the wavelet transform, but uses sinusoidal basis functions to produce frequency and globally(More)
Peripheral nerves are often mechanically stretched in association with trauma to extremities, resulting in varying degrees of impairment of nerve function. However, little is known about the biomechanical properties of peripheral nerves and limits of stretching that the nerve may undergo before structural changes occur. Also, the injury pattern of nerves(More)
Controversy persists with regard to the diagnosis and treatment of the acute scrotum in children. The differential diagnosis includes torsion of the testis, torsion of one of the appendices testis and epididymo-orchitis. Clinical differentiation is notoriously difficult and our policy has been to explore the scrotum of all who present with signs of an acute(More)
An understanding of the mechanical and mechano-molecular responses that occur during the differentiation of mouse C2C12 [corrected] myoblasts in 3-D culture is critical for understanding growth, which is important for progress towards producing a tissue-engineered muscle construct. We have established the main differences in force generation between(More)
A better understanding of the mechanisms of nerve regeneration could improve the outcome of surgical nerve repair. We have previously shown that axonal regeneration is increased by nerve growth factor. Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) belongs to the same family as nerve growth factor but acts on a distinct neuron subpopulation. As little is known about its role(More)
Dopexamine is an agonist at peripheral dopamine receptors and at beta 2-adrenoceptors. Dopexamine has approximately one-third the potency of dopamine in stimulating the vascular DA1-receptor in the dog, resulting in a fall in renal vascular resistance of 20% at 2.3 X 10(-8) mol kg-1 (i.a.). Prejunctional DA2-receptors are also stimulated by dopexamine,(More)