This paper presents a general strain theory of crime and delinquency that is capable of overcoming the criticisms of previous strain theories. In the first section, strain theory is distinguished from social control and differential association/social learning theory. In the second section, the three major types of strain are described: (1) strain as the… (More)
General strain theory (GST) is usually tested by examining the effect of strain on crime. Researchers, however, have little guidance when it comes to selecting among the many hundreds of types of strain and have trouble explaining why only some of them are related to crime. This article builds on GST by describing the characteristics of strainful events and… (More)
Although in this example CP2 executed faster than tlALI~ISTEAD by a factor of aproximately 2:1, other examples can easily be constructed so that HaLf, STEaD outperforms CP2. Since the performance of each function is governed not only by the number of terms desired as output, but also by the distribution of the individual claim amounts, a rigorous analysis… (More)
A univariate Jensen-type inequality is generalized to a multivariate setting.
Population based studies suggest that symptoms of depression and anxiety are more frequent in children and adolescents with epilepsy compared with the general population. In terms of the manifestations of symptoms of depression and anxiety, there would appear to some symptoms unique to epilepsy in that they are associated with seizures and/or antiepileptic… (More)
arrests of girls increased more (or decreased less) than arrests of boys for most types of offenses. By 2004, girls accounted for 30 percent of all juvenile arrests. However, questions remain about whether these trends reflect an actual increase in girls' delinquency or changes in societal responses to girls' behavior. To find answers to these questions,… (More)
1. INTRODUCTION. After two centuries of experimentation with alternative allocation rules, and considerable political maneuvering, the issue of the " best " method for allocating seats in the U.S. House of Representatives remains unsettled, although the field has narrowed considerably to so-called " divisor " methods.
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To report the outcome of 232 clients undertaking Rehab UKs Vocational Rehabilitation Programme, over three consecutive years, in three centres across the UK. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Data regarding demographic characteristics of participants, type and severity of acquired brain injury were collected on admission to the programme. The… (More)
The following documented algorithm solves the standard linear programming problem of optimizing a linear form subject to linear inequality or equality constraints and nonnegativity conditions. The solution procedure incorporates the standard simplex method with no embellishments. There is only one loop corresponding to the basic simplex iteration.