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Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia is broadly categorised into the more severe Fairbank and the milder Ribbing types. In this paper we document mild MED in a South African kindred, and demonstrate that heterozygosity for a mutation in the cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) gene causes the condition. The mutation, C1594G, implies a N523K substitution,(More)
CYP3A5 is the major cytochrome P450 enzyme in the oesophagus and metabolises many potentially carcinogenic compounds. The frequencies of CYP3A5 allelic variants, CYP3A5*2, *3, *6 and *7 which code for enzymes with severely decreased activities were compared between 241 oesophageal cancer patients and 272 controls in Black and Mixed Ancestry South Africans.(More)
Molecular linkage analysis was undertaken on a large Mauritian kindred with X-linked mixed deafness, stapes fixation, and perilymphatic gusher (X-LDSF). DNA probe pDP34 (DXYS1) was tightly linked to the disorder, with a lod score of 6.32 at zero recombination. This observation indicates that the gene for this form of deafness maps to the Xq13-q21.1 region(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is rarely inherited in an X-linked recessive mode in pure and complicated forms. Recently, molecular linkage studies have suggested that these variant X-linked HSP conditions result from locus heterogeneity. In this paper we report on the clinical and linkage analysis of a kindred with complicated X-linked HSP. The(More)
Complement activation in myasthenia gravis (MG) may damage muscle endplate and complement regulatory proteins such as decay-accelerating factor (DAF) or CD55 may be protective. We hypothesize that the increased prevalence of severe extraocular muscle (EOM) dysfunction among African MG subjects reported earlier may result from altered DAF expression. To test(More)
Mseleni joint disease (MJD) is an unusual form of progressive and widespread degenerative osteoarthropathy that has been identified in several hundred people in the remote Mseleni region of northern Zululand. Affected individuals experience articular discomfort in childhood and may be seriously handicapped as adults, often requiring prosthetic hip joint(More)
A genetic service for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) was initiated in Cape Town in 1987. Of the 143 DMD patients diagnosed during the period 1987-1992, 66 had a familial pattern of inheritance and 77 were apparently sporadic. Twenty BMD patients were identified, of whom 12 had other affected relatives and 8 were(More)
The type II collagenopathies include a wide spectrum of phenotypes ranging from mild spondylo epiphyseal dysplasia (SED) to severe achondrogenesis/hypochondrogenesis. Several attempts have been made at providing phenotype-genotype correlations in this group of disorders. In this report we discuss a South African family in which four members have a phenotype(More)
Genetic polymorphisms in the alcohol dehydrogenase genes, ADH2 and ADH3, have been shown to affect individual susceptibility to diseases such as alcoholism and oesophageal cancer. Although several PCR-based methods for genotyping these enzymes have been previously developed, the two-buffer polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis system has the ability to rapidly(More)