Robby Zachariah Tom

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We assessed the efficacy of simultaneous agonism at the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) and the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) for the treatment of obesity and diabetes in rodents. Diet-induced obese (DIO) mice were chronically treated with either the long-acting GLP-1R agonist liraglutide, the MC4R agonist RM-493 or a combination of RM-493 and(More)
The Rab-GTPase-activating protein TBC1D1 has emerged as a novel candidate involved in metabolic regulation. Our aim was to determine whether TBC1D1 is involved in insulin as well as energy-sensing signals controlling skeletal muscle metabolism. TBC1D1-deficient congenic B6.SJL-Nob1.10 (Nob1.10(SJL)) and wild-type littermates were studied. Glucose and(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) is a widely used anticancer and antirheumatic drug that has been postulated to protect against metabolic risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes, although the mechanism remains unknown. MTX inhibits 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase/inosine monophosphate cyclohydrolase (ATIC) and thereby slows the(More)
Skeletal muscle glucose transport is regulated via the canonical insulin-signaling cascade as well as by energy-sensing signals. 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has been implicated in the energy status regulation of glucose transport. We determined the role of the AMPKgamma3 isoform in hypoxia-mediated energy status signaling and glucose transport in(More)
OBJECTIVE Leptin stimulates peripheral lipid oxidation, but the influence on mitochondrial function is partly unknown. We investigated tissue-specific mitochondrial function in leptin-deficient obese C57BL/6J-ob/ob mice compared to lean littermates following leptin treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS Lean and obese ob/ob mice were treated with saline or(More)
Leptin regulates food intake and energy expenditure by activating the long form of the leptin receptor (LepRb). Leptin also regulates glucose homeostasis by improving whole-body insulin sensitivity, but the mechanism remains undefined. Leptin action is mediated by phosphorylation of several tyrosine residues on LepRb. LepRb-Tyr985 plays an important role in(More)
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