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A total of 101 patients (mean age 64.9 years) underwent surgical correction of postinfarction ventricular septal defect at this institution over a 15-year period (1973 to 1988). The overall early mortality rate was 20.8%, although the most recent experience with 36 patients (January 1987 to October 1988) has seen this decline to 11.1%. Factors found to(More)
Sixty patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery were studied prospectively in order to investigate the effect of a cardioselective beta-blocker on the incidence of postoperative supraventricular arrhythmias. Patients with good left ventricular function were randomly divided into two groups: 30 patients treated with atenolol and 30 patients acting(More)
The ability to identify particular features and structures , such as faces or types of scenery in images, is a topic with many available applications and potential solutions. In this paper we discuss solar images and the results of our investigation of techniques that can be used to identify solar phenomena in images from the TRACE satellite for the(More)
Postoperative low cardiac output states are a major cause of postoperative mortality in infants and children following corrective cardiac surgery for congenital heart defects. In this unit, whole body hypothermia has been used since 1979 in the management of these low output states when they are refractory to conventional modes of therapy. Twenty cases(More)
OBJECTIVE Neurologic sequelae remain a well recognised complication of paediatric cardiac surgery. Monitoring of cerebral oxygenation may be a useful technique for identifying vulnerable periods for the development of neurologic injury. We sought to measure regional cerebral oxygenation in children undergoing cardiac surgery using near infrared spectroscopy(More)
OBJECTIVE The value of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) at the time of repair of a post-infarct ventricular septal defect (VSD) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of CABG on early mortality and survival following repair of an acquired VSD. METHODS Over 23 years, 179 patients, 118 male, 61 female, mean age 66 years(More)
To assess the longer term outlook for patients who have undergone surgery for acquired (postinfarction) ventricular septal defect, we interviewed and studied 60 survivors from a single regional cardiac center between 3 and 144 months after the operation. Including the patients who died within 1 month of the operation, the 5-, 10-, and 14-year survivals(More)
Surgical repair of a postinfarct ventricular septal defect (VSD) remains a difficult surgical challenge associated with a significant operative mortality. Between 1972 and 1995, 179 patients with a postinfarct VSD have undergone operation in this institution. There were 118 males and 61 females, with a mean age of 66 years (range 43 to 80). Operative(More)
BACKGROUND The CarboMedics bileaflet prosthetic heart valve was introduced in 1986. We first implanted it in March 1991. The purpose of this study was to analyze our clinical experience with this valve. METHODS Between March 1991 and December 1997, 1,378 valves were implanted in 1,247 patients, 705 men (56.5%) and 542 (43.5%) women with a mean age of 62(More)
Post-operative low cardiac output states remain a major cause of mortality following cardiac surgery in infants and children. Since 1979 we have used moderate induced whole-body hypothermia in the management of low-output states refractory to conventional modes of therapy. This is based not only upon the relationship between body temperature and oxygen(More)