Robbie B. Mailliard

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Using the principle of functional polarization of dendritic cells (DCs), we have developed a novel protocol to generate human DCs combining the three features critical for the induction of type-1 immunity: (a) fully mature status; (b) responsiveness to secondary lymphoid organ chemokines; and (c) high interleukin-12p70 (IL-12p70)-producing ability. We show(More)
In addition to their cytotoxic activities, natural killer (NK) cells can have immunoregulatory functions. We describe a distinct "helper" differentiation pathway of human CD56+CD3- NK cells into CD56+/CD83+/CCR7+/CD25+ cells that display high migratory responsiveness to lymph node (LN)-associated chemokines, high ability to produce interferon-gamma upon(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Dendritic cells (DC) are increasingly being used as cellular vaccines to treat cancer and infectious diseases. While there have been some promising results in early clinical trials using DC-based vaccines, the inability to visualize non-invasively the location, migration and fate of cells once adoptively transferred into patients is often(More)
We investigated the in vitro effects of combining interleukin-18 (IL-18) and IL-2 on human lymphocytes. The combined use of these two cytokines synergistically enhanced the proliferation, cytolytic activity, and interferon-gamma production of peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Phenotypic analysis revealed a preferential expansion of CD56+CD3- cells and an(More)
The work in our laboratory addresses two interrelated areas of dendritic cell (DC) biology: (1) the role of DCs as mediators of feedback interactions between NK cells, CD8+ and CD4+ T cells; and (2) the possibility to use such feedback and the paradigms derived from anti-viral responses, to promote the induction of therapeutic immunity against cancer. We(More)
Recent reports demonstrate that natural killer (NK) cells and dendritic cells (DC) support each other's activity in a positive feedback. We observed that activated NK cells induce the maturation of DCs into stable type-1 polarized DCs (DC1), characterized by up to 100-fold enhanced ability to produce IL-12p70 in response to subsequent interaction with Th(More)
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is one of the recently defined damage-associated molecular pattern molecules, passively released from necrotic cells and secreted by activated macrophage/monocytes. Whether cytolytic cells induce HMGB1 release from tumor cells is not known. We developed a highly sensitive method for detecting intracellular HMGB1 in tumor(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells and dendritic cells (DCs), two important components of the immune system, can exchange bidirectional activating signals in a positive feedback. Myeloid DCs, the cell type specialised in the presentation of antigen and initiation of antigen-specific immune responses, have recently been documented to be involved in supporting innate(More)
Anti-dengue T-cell responses have been implicated in both protection and immunopathology. However, most of the T-cell studies for dengue include few epitopes, with limited knowledge of their inter-serotype variation and the breadth of their human leukocyte antigen (HLA) affinity. In order to expand our knowledge of HLA-restricted dengue epitopes, we(More)
Spontaneous or therapy-induced depigmentation in patients with melanoma has long been considered a favourable prognostic indicator. In this report, we isolated T cells infiltrating the depigmented skin of an HLA-A2+/DR4+ patient with melanoma, and detected a very high frequency of CD8+ T cells specific for melanocortin receptor 1 (MC1R), a hormone receptor(More)