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Using the principle of functional polarization of dendritic cells (DCs), we have developed a novel protocol to generate human DCs combining the three features critical for the induction of type-1 immunity: (a) fully mature status; (b) responsiveness to secondary lymphoid organ chemokines; and (c) high interleukin-12p70 (IL-12p70)-producing ability. We show(More)
In addition to their cytotoxic activities, natural killer (NK) cells can have immunoregulatory functions. We describe a distinct "helper" differentiation pathway of human CD56+CD3- NK cells into CD56+/CD83+/CCR7+/CD25+ cells that display high migratory responsiveness to lymph node (LN)-associated chemokines, high ability to produce interferon-gamma upon(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells and dendritic cells (DCs), two important components of the immune system, can exchange bidirectional activating signals in a positive feedback. Myeloid DCs, the cell type specialised in the presentation of antigen and initiation of antigen-specific immune responses, have recently been documented to be involved in supporting innate(More)
Early stages of viral infections are associated with local recruitment and activation of dendritic cells (DC) and NK cells. Although activated DC and NK cells are known to support each other's functions, it is less clear whether their local interaction in infected tissues can modulate the subsequent ability of migrating DC to induce T cell responses in(More)
We investigated the in vitro effects of combining interleukin-18 (IL-18) and IL-2 on human lymphocytes. The combined use of these two cytokines synergistically enhanced the proliferation, cytolytic activity, and interferon-gamma production of peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Phenotypic analysis revealed a preferential expansion of CD56+CD3- cells and an(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) activated by CD40L-expressing CD4+ T cells act as mediators of "T helper (Th)" signals for CD8+ T lymphocytes, inducing their cytotoxic function and supporting their long-term activity. Here, we show that the optimal activation of DCs, their ability to produce high levels of bioactive interleukin (IL)-12p70 and to induce Th1-type CD4+(More)
Recent reports demonstrate that natural killer (NK) cells and dendritic cells (DC) support each other's activity in a positive feedback. We observed that activated NK cells induce the maturation of DCs into stable type-1 polarized DCs (DC1), characterized by up to 100-fold enhanced ability to produce IL-12p70 in response to subsequent interaction with Th(More)
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is one of the recently defined damage-associated molecular pattern molecules, passively released from necrotic cells and secreted by activated macrophage/monocytes. Whether cytolytic cells induce HMGB1 release from tumor cells is not known. We developed a highly sensitive method for detecting intracellular HMGB1 in tumor(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells have been shown to mediate important immunoregulatory "helper" functions in addition to their cytolytic activity. In particular, NK cells are capable of preventing maturation-related dendritic cell (DC) "exhaustion," inducing the development of "type-1 polarized" mature DCs (DC1) with an enhanced ability to produce interleukin(More)