Robbert U. de Iongh

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We have shown previously that FGF induces lens epithelial cells in explant culture to proliferate, migrate and differentiate into fibre cells in a progressive concentration-dependent manner. In situ, these processes occur in a distinct anterior-posterior pattern in clearly defined regions of the lens. Thus anterior-posterior differences in the(More)
The differentiation of epithelial cells and fiber cells from the anterior and posterior compartments of the lens vesicle, respectively, give the mammalian lens its distinctive polarity. While much progress has been made in understanding the molecular basis of fiber differentiation, little is known about factors that govern the differentiation of the(More)
RATIONALE Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare, usually autosomal recessive, genetic disorder characterized by ciliary dysfunction, sino-pulmonary disease, and situs inversus. Disease-causing mutations have been reported in DNAI1 and DNAH5 encoding outer dynein arm (ODA) proteins of cilia. OBJECTIVES We analyzed DNAI1 to identify disease-causing(More)
PURPOSE Transforming growth factor-beta has been shown to induce cataractous changes in rat lenses. This study assesses the relative cataractogenic potential of TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2, and TGF-beta3 and their expression patterns in the rat eye. METHODS Lens epithelial explants and whole lenses from weanling rats were cultured with TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2, or(More)
As part of an investigation into the role of FGF in lens development, we have studied the distribution of both aFGF and bFGF during eye morphogenesis from embryonic days 10 to 18 (E10-E18) in the rat. For aFGF, reactivity was found only in ectoderm at E10, prior to contact between the optic vesicle and presumptive lens ectoderm. During lens placode(More)
Previously we reported that, in vitro, lens cells proliferate, migrate or differentiate in response to low, medium and high concentrations of FGF respectively. To examine further the role of FGF in lens development we used immunohistochemistry to study the distribution of aFGF and bFGF in the eye of the 20 day rat foetus. Strong aFGF-like reactivity was(More)
Growth factors play key roles in influencing cell fate and behaviour during development. The epithelial cells and fibre cells that arise from the lens vesicle during lens morphogenesis are bathed by aqueous and vitreous, respectively. Vitreous has been shown to generate a high level of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling that is required for secondary(More)
Several families of growth factors have been identified as regulators of cell fate in the developing lens. Members of the fibroblast growth factor family are potent inducers of lens fiber differentiation. Members of the transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) family, particularly bone morphogenetic proteins, have also been implicated in various stages of(More)
PURPOSE There is now considerable evidence that FGF is involved in lens differentiation and growth throughout life. The aim of this study was to determine potential sites of FGF production in and near the lens during morphogenesis, differentiation and growth. METHODS The distribution of FGF-1 and FGF-2 mRNAs was analysed in embryonic, weanling and adult(More)
PURPOSE Regulation of lens development involves an intricate interplay between growth factor (e.g. FGF and TGFbeta) and extracellular matrix (ECM) signaling pathways. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase that plays key roles in transmitting ECM signals by integrins. In this study, we delineated patterns of FAK expression and tyrosine(More)