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We present 2 human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-induced Fanconi syndrome, leading to osteomalacia. Intracellular tenofovir diphosphate levels were measured in 1 patient and were found to be very high, with plasma tenofovir levels just slightly elevated. Fibroblast growth factor-23, a phosphaturic hormone, was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Lopinavir is extensively metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) and is considered to be a substrate for the drug transporters ABCB1 (P-glycoprotein) and ABCC2 (MRP2). Here, we have assessed the individual and combined effects of CYP3A, ABCB1 and ABCC2 on the pharmacokinetics of lopinavir and the relative importance of intestinal(More)
PURPOSE To enhance the systemic exposure to oral docetaxel by coadministration of ritonavir, an efficacious inhibitor of CYP 3A4 with minor P-glycoprotein inhibiting effects, in patients with cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A proof-of-concept study was carried out in 12 patients with solid tumors. The first cohort of patients (n = 4) received 10 mg and the(More)
BACKGROUND Our main objectives were to study the population pharmacokinetics of efavirenz and to explore the adequacy of dosing guidelines. METHODS A total of 33 HIV-1-infected patients were recruited from the Emma Children's Hospital (Amsterdam, the Netherlands). Gender, age, drug formulation, the presence of the c.516G>T polymorphism in the CYP2B6 gene(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of rash in HIV-1 infected individuals starting a nevirapine-containing regimen in an unselected outpatient clinic population. Possible risk factors including plasma concentrations of nevirapine were evaluated for their relationship with the occurrence of a rash. METHODS The occurrence of rash was extracted from the(More)
Therapeutic drug monitoring is a way to pharmacokinetically guide drug therapy to assure a certain exposure to a drug when this exposure is related to treatment effectiveness or toxicity. Routinely, drug concentrations are measured in plasma obtained by venipuncture. However, venous sampling is difficult in some populations, such as neonates and patients(More)
AIMS There is increasing evidence that erlotinib exposure correlates well with treatment outcome. In this report we present a case of therapeutic drug monitoring of erlotinib in a patient with a gastric ulcer, treated with the proton pump inhibitor pantoprazole. This agent may cause an unwanted, but not always unavoidable, interaction since absorption of(More)
For the quantification of the novel non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor etravirine in human plasma, dried blood spots and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) lysate, an assay was developed and validated, using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Etravirine was extracted from plasma by means of protein precipitation(More)
Lopinavir, a human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitor, has a very low oral bioavailability, which can be enhanced with a low dose of the CYPA4 inhibitor ritonavir. Our aim was to separately quantify the role of intestinal and hepatic cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A4) expression on lopinavir disposition in a novel mouse model. Lopinavir and ritonavir were(More)
Therapeutic phosphonate-based radiopharmaceuticals radiolabeled with beta, alpha and conversion electron emitting radioisotopes have been investigated for the targeted treatment of painful bone metastases for >35years. We performed a systematic literature search and focused on the pharmaceutical development, preclinical research and early human studies of(More)