Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Lopinavir is extensively metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) and is considered to be a substrate for the drug transporters ABCB1 (P-glycoprotein) and ABCC2 (MRP2). Here, we have assessed the individual and combined effects of CYP3A, ABCB1 and ABCC2 on the pharmacokinetics of lopinavir and the relative importance of intestinal(More)
We present 2 human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-induced Fanconi syndrome, leading to osteomalacia. Intracellular tenofovir diphosphate levels were measured in 1 patient and were found to be very high, with plasma tenofovir levels just slightly elevated. Fibroblast growth factor-23, a phosphaturic hormone, was(More)
A bioanalytical method for the determination of most commonly prescribed protease inhibitors (atazanavir, darunavir, lopinavir and ritonavir) and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (efavirenz and nevirapine) was developed and validated according to FDA guidelines. In brief, dried blood spots were punched out of a collection paper with a 0.25(More)
PURPOSE To enhance the systemic exposure to oral docetaxel by coadministration of ritonavir, an efficacious inhibitor of CYP 3A4 with minor P-glycoprotein inhibiting effects, in patients with cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A proof-of-concept study was carried out in 12 patients with solid tumors. The first cohort of patients (n = 4) received 10 mg and the(More)
BACKGROUND Our main objectives were to study the population pharmacokinetics of efavirenz and to explore the adequacy of dosing guidelines. METHODS A total of 33 HIV-1-infected patients were recruited from the Emma Children's Hospital (Amsterdam, the Netherlands). Gender, age, drug formulation, the presence of the c.516G>T polymorphism in the CYP2B6 gene(More)
Therapeutic drug monitoring is a way to pharmacokinetically guide drug therapy to assure a certain exposure to a drug when this exposure is related to treatment effectiveness or toxicity. Routinely, drug concentrations are measured in plasma obtained by venipuncture. However, venous sampling is difficult in some populations, such as neonates and patients(More)
Bone-targeting therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals are effective agents for treatment of painful bone metastases. Rhenium-188-HEDP is such a therapeutic radiopharmaceutical and has advantages over commercially available alternatives in terms of efficacy, safety and the ability to be produced on-site, allowing rapid treatment upon presentation of patients with(More)
Therapeutic phosphonate-based radiopharmaceuticals radiolabeled with beta, alpha and conversion electron emitting radioisotopes have been investigated for the targeted treatment of painful bone metastases for >35years. We performed a systematic literature search and focused on the pharmaceutical development, preclinical research and early human studies of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the characteristics of patients who developed acute clinical hepatitis in an unselected outpatient population. METHODS Patients who started a nevirapine-containing regimen in the period January 1999-February 2001 and presented with clinical symptoms in accordance with increased transaminase values within 12 weeks of initiation of(More)
For the quantification of the novel non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor etravirine in human plasma, dried blood spots and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) lysate, an assay was developed and validated, using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Etravirine was extracted from plasma by means of protein precipitation(More)