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We have established bovine papilloma virus (BPV)-transformed mouse C127 cell lines that synthesize the peplomer protein of the feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) strain 79-1146. For this purpose, a new cassette expression vector pHSL, which carries the Drosophila HSp70 promotor and the polyadenylation signal of the Moloney murine leukemia virus long(More)
The time and place of the accumulation of alpha A-, beta B1- and gamma-crystallin RNA in the developing rat lens have been studied by in situ hybridization. alpha A- and gamma-crystallin RNA were first detected in the lens vesicle, while beta B1-crystallin RNA could be seen only after elongation of the primary fiber cells. Both beta B1- and gamma-crystallin(More)
We expressed a cDNA encoding the multicolony stimulating factor interleukin-3 in a variety of cell types, including bacteria, yeast and mammalian cells. After evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages of each potential system, we designed a production and purification scheme using Bacillus licheniformis. The purification consists of hydrophobic(More)
We describe the construction of a series of vectors suitable for gene cloning in the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans R2. From the indigenous plasmid pUH24, derivatives were constructed with streptomycin as the selective marker; one of these plasmids was used to construct pUC303, a shuttle vector capable of replication in A. nidulans R2 as well as in(More)
Recent work from our laboratory on the structure and the genetic organization of the lens beta- and gamma-crystallin gene families is reviewed briefly. In the rat six different gamma-crystallin genes are present which all have an identical distribution of exons and introns, namely a small intron after the third translation codon and a larger one within the(More)
Human interleukin-3 (hIL-3) is a regulator of proliferation and differentiation of multipotent hemopoietic progenitor cells. Mutants of hIL-3 have been constructed by oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis and expressed in Escherichia coli and Bacillus licheniformis. Purified muteins were assayed for induction of DNA synthesis in IL-3-dependent human cells(More)
Interleukin-3 treatment of juvenile rhesus monkeys elicits a dose- and time-dependent syndrome that includes urticaria, palpable lymph nodes, splenomegaly, thrombocytopenia, anemia, vomiting, diarrhea, intestinal bleeding, edema, and arthritis, apart from a strong stimulation of hemopoiesis. Arthritis was found to occur significantly more often in animals(More)
To design an interleukin-3 (IL-3) administration schedule for optimal hemopoietic effectiveness, serum half-life (t1/2) was determined after intravenous (i.v) and subcutaneous (s.c.) bolus injections. The initial t1/2 in serum after i.v. injection was about 10 minutes and the terminal t1/2 close to 2 hours. Subcutaneous administration resulted in plateau(More)
To understand the hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic responses to interleukin-3 (IL-3), expression of cell-surface IL-3 receptors (IL-3R) was examined on bone marrow (BM) cells and peripheral blood (PB) cells of rhesus monkeys during the course of in vivo IL-3 treatment. Whereas IL-3R expression is low in untreated monkeys, IL-3 administration led to a(More)
Recombinant factor VIII variants with overlapping deletions spanning the region Lys713-Ile1668 have been expressed in mammalian cells, and analysed for biological activity both in vitro and in vivo. Two distinct assay systems were used to measure the activity in vitro. The one-stage coagulation assay served to assess factor VIII procoagulant activity while(More)