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A position and orientation sensing system is developed for the feedback control of endoscopic instruments in advanced flexible endoscopes. The images that are taken by the endoscopic camera are used to match a kinematic model to the observed instrument. Using the pseudo-inverse of the Jacobian of the forward kinematics, the estimated state of the model is(More)
Needle insertion procedures are commonly used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. In this paper, an image-guided control system is developed to robotically steer flexible needles with an asymmetric tip. Knowledge about needle deflection is required for accurate steering. Two different models to predict needle deflection are presented. The first is a(More)
— In this paper a structure will be given which in a remarkably simple way offers a solution to the implementation of different telemanipulation schemes for discrete time varying delays by preserving passivity and allowing the highest transparency possible. This is achieved by splitting the communication channel in two separate ones, one for the energy(More)
Manually steering the tip of a flexible endoscope to navigate through an endoluminal path relies on the physician's dexterity and experience. In this paper we present the realization of a robotic flexible endoscope steering system that uses the endoscopic images to control the tip orientation towards the direction of the lumen. Two image-based control(More)
A system is developed that can reconstruct the pose of flexible endoscopic instruments that are used in advanced flexible endoscopes using solely the endoscopic images. Four markers are placed on the instrument, whose positions are measured in the image. These measurements are compared to a three-dimensional rendered model of the instrument. The(More)
Colon cancer screening remains a time-consuming and expensive clinical process. Automating flexible endoscopy has the potential to increase screening efficiency. In this research the images captured by the camera at the endoscope tip are used to find the heading direction of the endoscope. Comparing the current heading direction to the desired target(More)
BACKGROUND Steering the tip of a flexible endoscope relies on the physician's dexterity and experience. For complex flexible endoscopes, conventional controls may be inadequate. METHODS A steering method based on a multi-degree-of-freedom haptic device is presented. Haptic cues are generated based on the endoscopic images. The method is compared against(More)
This video shows the results of the project on the mechatronic development of the Twente humanoid head. The mechanical structure consists of a neck with four degrees of freedom (DOFs) and two eyes (a stereo pair system) which tilt on a common axis and rotate sideways freely providing a three more DOFs. The motion control algorithm is designed to receive, as(More)
The goal of this study is to improve the efficiency and efficacy of the standard colonoscopy procedure. This is done by addressing the intuitiveness of colonoscope control. For this purpose an interface in the form of a grip was designed that allows the user to intuitively steer and drive the colonoscope. The Grip controls the orientation of the tip as if(More)
In current video-assisted thoracic surgery, the endoscopic camera is operated by an assistant of the surgeon, which has several disadvantages. This paper describes a system which enables the surgeon to control the endoscopic camera without the help of an assistant. The system is controlled using head movements, so the surgeon can use his/her hands to(More)