Rob Porteous

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Resonances from 13C, 31P and 1H have been detected simultaneously in suspensions of human erythrocytes using a modified NMR spectrometer equipped with a probe tuned to four different frequencies. The utility of multinuclear NMR in the study of cellular metabolism is demonstrated with an investigation of 13C label flux through the 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate(More)
1H NMR spectroscopy of human brain in vivo can be used to detect a number of cerebral metabolites including N-acetylaspartate, creatine + phosphocreatine and choline-containing compounds. We have used 1H NMR spectroscopy to analyse these signals in (i) biopsy material from both normal human brain and astrocytomas, and (ii) primary astrocyte cultures. On the(More)
Fructose metabolism has been studied with 31P n.m.r. in perfused livers from rats starved for 48h. The time course of changes in liver ATP, Pi and sugar phosphate (fructose l-phosphate) concentrations, and intracellular pH were followed in each perfusion after infusion of fructose to give an initial concentration of either 5mM or 10mM. Rapid falls in the(More)
Signaling between kisspeptin and its receptor, G-protein-coupled receptor 54 (Gpr54), is now recognized as being essential for normal fertility. However, the key cellular location of kisspeptin-Gpr54 signaling is unknown. Here we create a mouse with a GnRH neuron-specific deletion of Gpr54 to assess the role of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons.(More)
Changes in high-energy phosphate metabolites and the intracellular pH (pHi) were monitored in cerebral tissue during periods of hypoglycaemia and hypoxia using 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Superfused brain slices were loaded with deoxyglucose at a concentration shown not to impair cerebral metabolism, and the chemical shift of the resulting(More)
The performance of an experimental machine, built to evaluate optical methods of grading potatoes for quality, has been compared with that of human operators. The comparison revealed a marked lack of unanimity among the assessors. Estimates of the extent of disease on tubers varied widely, both between assessors and between repeated assessments of tubers by(More)
The 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of tuna and horse ferricytochromes c have been investigated and the resonances of all amino acid methyl groups have been assigned to specific absorption lines. The assignment procedure involves principally the comparison of one-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectra from a range of homologous(More)
The 1H- and 13C-n.m.r. spectra of solutions of GlcNAc, beta-GlcNAc-(1----4)-GlcNAc, and beta-GlcNAc-(1----4)-beta-GlcNAc-(1----4)-GlcNAc in D2O at 50 degrees are interpreted in terms of the conformations, using a combination of 1D- and 2D-n.m.r. spectroscopy and spectra simulation techniques. Two preferred orientations of the hydroxymethyl group were found(More)
We have previously shown (Iles et al., 1980) that the metabolism of fructose may be followed in isolated rat livers by using 3*P n.m.r. spectroscopy. The introduction of the surfacecoil technique (Ackerman et al., 1980) makes it possible to study metabolism in the anaesthetized animal. A fed male Wistar rat was anaesthetized by intraperitoneal sodium(More)